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Table 2 Plasmodium falciparum infection by risk factors among symptomatic pregnant women

From: Clinical signs and symptoms cannot reliably predict Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection in pregnant women living in an area of high seasonal transmission

  Risk factors n/N (%) OR (95%CI) P-value
Age <20 years 11/16 (69.0) Ref --
  20-34 years 79/158 (50.0) 0.45 (0.15-1.37) 0.16
  ≥35 years 8/26 (31.0) 0.20 (0.05-0.78) 0.02
Transmission season No 16/47 (34.0) Ref ---
  Yes 82/153 (53.0) 1.59 (0.88-2.86) 0.12
Parity Nulliparous 10/17 (59.0) Ref --
  1-3 59/100 (50.0) 0.70 (0.25-1.95) 0.49
  ≥4 29/65 (45.0) 0.56 (0.19-1.66) 0.30
Gestational age 1st 3/10 (30.0) Ref ---
  2nd 48/84 (57.1) 3.31 (0.75-12.86) 0.11
  3rd 47/106 (44.3) 1.85 (0.45-7.58) 0.38
Bed net use Yes 20/50 (40.0) Ref ---
  No 76/147(51.7) 1.60 (0.83-3.08) 0.15