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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of the participating households (n = 11 778)

From: Impact of malaria related messages on insecticide-treated net (ITN) use for malaria prevention in Ghana

Survey characteristic
  Mean ± SE
Age of household head 44.39 ± 0.15
  N (%)
Household size
1–4 members 7479 (65.9)
5–9 members 3906 (31.5)
10+ members 393 (2.6)
*p-value < 0.0001
Type of place of residence
Rural area 6603 (52.2)
Urban area 5175 (47.8)
*p-value < 0.0001
Sex of household head
Male 8043 (66.3)
Female 3735 (33.7)
*p-value < 0.0001
Household wealth index
Poorest 2490 (15.4)
Poorer 2291 (19.1)
Middle 2354 (21.6)
Richer 2402 (22.5)
Richest 2241 (21.4)
*p-value < 0.0001
Household has at least one mosquito net
Yes 5652 (45.4)
No 6125 (54.6)
*p-value < 0.0001
Number of nets in household
none 6126 (54.6)
1–2 nets 4795 (39.8)
3 or more nets 857 (5.7)
*p-value < 0.0001
  1. *p-value for the differences between distribution of demographic subgroups using chi-square test for proportions.