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Table 3 Comparison of RDT and microscopy performance using PCR as golden standard in semi-rural suburbs of Kinshasa, 2012 (N = 166)

From: Asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum infection is associated with anaemia in pregnancy and can be more cost-effectively detected by rapid diagnostic test than by microscopy in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo

   PCR results Performances
   Positive Negative Total Sensitivity Specificity PPV NPV
Microscopy + 33 3 36 67.3% (52.5-80.1) 97.4% (92.7-99.5) 91.7% (77.5-98.2) 87.7% (80.8-92.8)
  - 16 114 130     
RDT + 40 6 46 81.6% (68.0-91.2) 94.9% (89.2-98.1) 87.0% (73.7-95.1) 92.5% (86.2-96.5)
  - 9 111 120     
Microscopy and RDT + 40 6 46 81.6% (68.0-91.2) 94.9% (89.2-98.1) 87.0% (73.7-95.1) 92.5% (86.2-96.5)
  - 9 111 120