Skip to main content

Table 1 PCR-based species profile of malaria cases collected from areas under study

From: High proportion of knowlesi malaria in recent malaria cases in Malaysia

States Number of malaria-positive samples by PCR (%, 95% CI) Total
Pf Pk Pv Pm Po Pv + Pk Pf + Pk Pf + Pv
Sarawak 11 80 25 0 1 3 0 0 120
  (9.2, 6.6–11.8) (66.7, 62.4–71.0) (20.8, 17.1–24.5) (0) (0.8,–0.02–1.62) (2.5, 1.1–3.9) (0) (0) (100)
Sabah 14 82 15 1 0 1 1 1 115
  (12.2, 9.2–15.2) (71.3, 67.1–75.4) (13.0, 9.9–16.1) (0.9, 0.04–1.7) (0) (0.9, 0.04–1.7) (0.9, 0.04–1.7) (0.9, 0.04–1.7) (100)
Selangor 18 16 74 0 1 2 0 0 111
  (16.2, 12.8–19.6) (14.4, 11.2–17.6 ) (66.7, 62.4–71.0) (0) (0.9, 0.04–1.7) (1.8, 0.6–3.0) (0) (0) (100)
Kelantan 4 40 10 0 0 2 0 0 56
  (7.1, 4.7–9.5) (71.4, 67.2–75.5) (17.9, 14.4–21.4) (0) (0) (3.6, 1.9–5.3) (0) (0) (100)
Pahang 0 24 1 0 0 0 0 0 25
  (0) (96.0, 94.2–97.8 ) (4.0, 2.2–5.8) (0) (0) (0) (0) (0) (100)
Negeri Sembilan 1 4 4 0 0 1 0 0 10
  (10.0, 7.2–12.8) (40.0, 35.5–44.5) (40.0, 35.5–44.5) (0) (0) (10.0, 7.2–12.8) (0) (0) (100)
Johor 0 6 2 0 0 1 0 0 9
  (0) (66.7, 62.4–71.0) (22.2,18.4–26.0) (0) (0) (11.1, 8.2–14.0) (0) (0) (100)
Kedah 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
  (50.0, 45.4–54.6) (0) (50.0, 45.4–54.6) (0) (0) (0) (0) (0) (100)
Terengganu 0 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 5
  (0) (80.0, 68–72) (20.0, 16.3–23.7) (0) (0) (0) (0) (0) (100)
Total 49 256 133 1 2 10 1 1 453
  (10.8, 7.2–13.7 ) (56.5, 51.9–61.1) (29.4, 25.2–33.6) (0.2, –0.2–0.6) (0.4,-.0.18- 0.98) (2.2, 0.9–3.6) (0.2 ,–0.2–0.6) (0.2 , –0.2–0.6) (100)
  1. Pf = P. falciparum; Pk = P. knowlesi; Pv = P. vivax; Pm = P. malariae; Po = P.ovale; Pv + Pk = P. vivax and P. knowlesi; Pf + Pk = P. falciparum and P. knowlesi; Pf + Pv = P. falciparum and P. vivax.