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Table 2 Detection of Plasmodium species by microscopy and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods in 453 patients with malaria in Malaysia

From: High proportion of knowlesi malaria in recent malaria cases in Malaysia

  Result of microscopic examination  
PCR results Pf Pk Pv Pm Po Pk + Pv Pf + Pm No. of cases by PCR
P. falciparum 46 1 1 1 0 0 0 49
P. vivax 0 3 122 6 1 1 0 133
P. malariae 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
P. ovale 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 2
P. knowlesi 3 172 8 72 0 0 1 256
P. knowlesi and P. vivax 2 5 2 1 0 0 0 10
P. knowlesi and P. falciparum 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
P. falciparum and P. vivax 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
No. of cases by microscopy 52 181 136 81 1 1 1 453
  1. Note: Pf = P. falciparum; Pk = P. knowlesi; Pv = P. vivax; Pm = P. malariae; Po = P.ovale; Pv + Pk = P. vivax and P. knowlesi; Pf + Pm = P. falciparum and P. falciparum.