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Table 2 Under-five causes of death rates (per 1,000 person-year) by period in the Rufiji Health and Demographic Surveillance System (RHDSS), Tanzania, 1999-2007

From: The contribution of reduction in malaria as a cause of rapid decline of under-five mortality: evidence from the Rufiji Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in rural Tanzania

Cause of death 1999-2002 2003-2007 Overall
N Death rates N Death rates N Death rates
Malaria and fever 623 12.5 540 7.8 1163 9.8
Pneumonia 200 4.0 192 2.8 392 3.3
Diarrhoeal diseases 39 0.8 14 0.2 53 0.5
Anaemia 44 0.9 110 1.6 154 1.3
Malnutrition 86 1.7 63 0.9 149 1.3
Birth Injuries/Asphyxia 59 1.2 104 1.5 163 1.3
Prematurity/LBW 105 2.1 131 1.9 236 2.0
Congenital abnormalities 31 0.6 14 0.2 46 0.4
Other perinatal 105 2.1 37 0.5 142 1.2
Other 107 2.2 87 1.3 194 1.6
Total 1399 28.1 1292 18.6 2691 22.6
Person-year   49762.8   69419.3   119219.4
  1. Rate = number of death due to cause x/person-year.
  2. Bold = significant differences (p < 0.05) (Two-sided chi-square test).
  3. Source: Database of Rufiji HDSS, 2012.