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Table 3 Contribution of under-five cause-specific death rates under-five in the Rufiji Health and Demographic Surveillance System (RHDSS), Tanzania, Arriaga’s method

From: The contribution of reduction in malaria as a cause of rapid decline of under-five mortality: evidence from the Rufiji Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in rural Tanzania

Cause of death 1999-2002 death rates 2003-2007 death rates Difference in death rates Proportionate contribution Contribution
Malaria/fever 12.5 7.8 4.7 49.9 0.8798
Pneumonia 4.0 2.8 1.2 13.1 0.2311
Diarrhoeal diseases 0.8 0.2 0.6 6.1 0.1080
Anaemia 0.9 1.6 −0.7 −7.2 −0.1275
Malnutrition 1.7 0.9 0.8 8.7 0.1538
Birth injuries/Asphyxia 1.2 1.5 −0.3 −3.3 −0.0587
Prematurity/LBW 2.1 1.9 0.2 2.2 0.0393
Congenital abnormalities 0.6 0.2 0.4 4.5 0.0788
Other perinatal 2.1 0.5 1.6 16.5 0.2905
Other causes 2.2 1.3 0.9 9.5 0.1670
All causes 28.1 18.6 9.5 100.0 0.0002
  1. Source: Database of Rufiji HDSS, 2012.