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Table 1 Baseline and selected socio-economic characteristics in children from Nchelenge District, Zambia (95% CI)

From: Defining the malaria burden in Nchelenge District, northern Zambia using the World Health Organization malaria indicators survey

Variable %
Males (n/N) 40.5 (317/782)
Median age in years (IQR) 5 (3-8)
Bed net ownership (95% CI) 35.9 (32.6-39.4)
Slept under a bed net last night (95% CI) 78.3 (73.5-83.1)
Taken anti-malarial treatment during last month (95% CI) 63.7 (60.2-67.0)
Indoor residual spraying last year (95% CI) 11.1 (9.1-13.6)
Mother’s education (95% CI)  
  Primary 77.0 (73-82)
  Secondary 20.0 (16-25)
  Tertiary 2.0 (1-4)
Average number of individuals/household (95% CI) 3.2 (3.1-3.3)
Source of drinking water (95% CI)  
  Pipe into dwelling/yard/plot/public tap 1.4 (0.4-4.5)
  Tube well/borehole 87.5 (84.6-89.9)
  Dug well 6.5 (4.3-10.0)
  Surface water: river/dam/lake/spring/pond 4.1 (2.0-8.2)
Toilet type (95% CI)  
  Flush or pour flush 2.6 (1.1-6.0)
  Ventilated improved pit latrine/pit latrine with slab 6.0 (3.8-9.5)
  Pit latrine without slab/open pit 90.0 (87.3-92.2)
  Compositing toilet/hanging toilet latrine/toilet 0.8 (0.1-3.6)
House wall material (95% CI)  
  Natural wall 5.7 (4.0-8.7)
  Rudimentary wall 4.4 (2.6-8.3)
  Finished wall bricks 84.8 (81.7-87.4)
  Finished wall cement/stone with lime/cement blocks 4.6 (2.4-8.7)
Roofing material (95% CI)  
  Natural roof thatch/sticks and mud 94.6 (91.7-97.61)
  Rudimentary roof 0.3 (0.1-1.27)
  Finished roof iron/wood/calamine/concrete/shingles 4.6 (2.8-8.4)
Source of fuel (95% CI)  
  Electricity/biogas/kerosene/coal/lignite 1.0 (0.1-4.6)
  Charcoal 96.0 (94.1-97.4)
  Firewood/straw 1.4 (0.7-2.8)
Household durable goods (95% CI)  
  Radio 22.2 (19.1-25.7)
  Television 3.3 (2.1-5.1)
  Mobile or landline phone 83.5 (79.7-87.6)
  Refrigerator 1.8 (0.9-3.2)
  Bicycle 64.3 (60.4-68.0)
  Motor cycle/scooter 0.48 (0.1-1.5)
  Car/truck 1.1 (0.5-2.4)