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Table 3 Predictors for anaemia and malaria in children under 10 years from Nchelenge District, 2012, Zambia

From: Defining the malaria burden in Nchelenge District, northern Zambia using the World Health Organization malaria indicators survey

Risk factors for anaemia Class Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI) P-value
Malaria + 2.11(1.56-2.85) 1.64 (1.20-2.24) <0.0001
-- 1.00 1.00
Age-group > 12 m 0.80 (0.42-1.53 1.22 (0.03-44.32) 0.81
12-23 m 0.10 (0.57-1.65) 3.45 (0.50-23.94) 0.40
24-59 m 0.80 (0.56-1.14) 1.83 (0.58-5.79) 0.91
5- < 7 yrs 0.80 (0.54-1.19) 1.93 (0.38-0.89) 0.87
7- < 10 yrs 1.00 1.00 -
Gender Males 1.11 (0.83-1.49) 0.52 (0.19-1.40)  
Females 1.00 1.00 0.46
Parasite density >2000 1.20 (0.68-2.10) 1.30 (0.07-22.74) 0.86
≤2000 1.00 1.00 -
Risk factors for malaria infection
Age-group > 12 m 1.00 1.00 -
12-23 m 1.36 (0.57-3.26) 1.13 (0.17-7.58) 0.90
24-59 m 1.42 (0.67-3.04) 4.23 (0.90-19.98) 0.06
5- < 7 yrs 1.29 (0.58-2.87) 6.00 (1.22-29.51) 0.03
7- < 10 yrs 1.58 (0.75-3.34) 2.94 (0.62-13.86) 0.17
Female Males 1.00 1.00  
Females 1.13 (0.82-1.54) 1.33 (0.73-2.42) 0.36
Mother education Primary 1.00 1.00  
Secondary 0.89 (0.51-1.67) 1.29 (0.53-3.13) 0.59
Tertiary 0.83 (0.17-4.17) 0 0.97
Indoor residual spraying Yes 1.00 1.00  
No 0.80 (0.49-1.29) 0.81 (0.38-1.75) 0.59
Bed net use Yes 1.00   
No 1.48 (0.67-3.26) 1.70 (0.73-3.95) 0.22
  1. adjusted for age, gender, and parasite density. adjusted for indoor residual spraying, age, gender and mother education. Age group was adjusted for bed net use and indoor residual spraying.