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Table 1 Comparison of malaria parasite infections by age and sex groups of high and moderate risk 31 districts in Nepal for the years 2004 and 2012

From: Malaria control in Nepal 1963–2012: challenges on the path towards elimination

Variables Year 2004 N (%) Year 2012 N (%) Risk ratio (95% CI)
P. vivax    
< 5 years male 44 (1.1) 28 (1.7) 1.46 (0.91-2.34)
< 5 years female 34 (0.9) 16 (1) 1.08 (0.60-1.96)
> 5 years male 2078 (54) 1037 (62.5) 1.15 (1.09-1.21)*
> 5 years female 1239 (32.3) 288 (17.3) 0.53 (0.48-0.6)*
P. falciparum    
< 5 years male 6 (0.2) 13 (0.8) 5 (1.9-13.13)*
< 5 years female 3 (0.1) 9 (0.5) 6.92 (1.87-25.53)*
> 5 years male 289 (7.5) 199 (12) 1.59 (1.33-1.88)*
> 5 years female 138 (3.6) 70 (4.2) 1.17 (0.88-1.55)
Total confirmed malaria 3831 (100) 1660 (100) ND
  1. ND means not determined.
  2. *Significant difference at P < 0.001(Two-tailed).