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Table 4 Access to and use of LLINs in 2011

From: Progress in mosquito net coverage in Papua New Guinea

Background characteristic Access to LLIN, % (95%CI) LLIN use, % (95%CI) Population
Region    
  Southern 77.8 (73.2, 82.3) 67.2 (56.6, 76.3) 5,274
  Highlands 55.1 (43.9, 66.2) 39.6 (29.3, 50.9) 2,417
  Momase 50.9 (39.0, 62.8) 48.7 (35.7, 61.9) 2,681
  Islands 81.6 (78.5, 84.7) 39.9 (32.8, 47.5) 2,176
  P-value <0.001 0.004  
Road access    
  No 69.6 (62.1, 77.1) 57.3 (47.2, 66.8) 4,731
  Yes 57.9 (50.0, 65.8) 44.6 (36.8, 52.6) 7,817
  P-value 0.044 0.051  
Altitude (m)    
  0-1299 67.4 (61.8, 72.9) 55.7 (48.1, 63.1) 9968
  1300-1699 45.6 (28.5, 62.8) 34.4 (24.7, 45.5) 687
  1700+ 57.0 (43.3, 70.7) 40.9 (28.0, 55.3) 1893
  P-value 0.043 0.030  
LLIN distribution    
  >2 years ago or never 47.6 (36.7, 58.4) 42.4 (30.6, 55.2) 2,680
  Last 2 years 67.8 (62.9, 72.7) 51.1 (44.6, 57.6) 9,868
  P-value 0.001 0.212  
Recent BCC exposure    
  No 61.2 (54.2, 68.1) 47.9 (40.9, 55.0) 10,087
  Yes 62.7 (53.9, 71.5) 50.5 (39.7, 61.1) 2,406
  P-value 0.783 0.668  
High quality house    
  No 62.1 (56.0, 68.3) 49.3 (42.7, 55.9) 11,570
  Yes 35.3 (23.1, 47.5) 15.4 (8.4, 26.4) 978
  P-value <0.001 <0.001  
Wealth quintile    
  Lowest 61.1 (50.6, 71.6) 52.3 (39.3, 65.0) 2,136
  Second 58.7 (50.9, 66.5) 51.3 (43.3, 59.3) 2,217
  Third 65.8 (56.8, 74.9) 54.5 (45.1, 63.5) 2,272
  Fourth 66.3 (59.0, 73.6) 47.9 (40.1, 55.8) 2,406
  Highest 52.5 (42.3, 62.7) 32.8 (24.3, 42.6) 3,125
  P-value 0.076 0.010  
Household head schooling    
  No 54.3 (45.2, 63.4) 42.4 (34.3, 51.0) 1,788
  Yes 63.1 (57.4, 68.7) 50.2 (43.5, 56.8) 10,207
  P-value 0.014 0.029  
Residence    
  Does not live here NA 28.5 (19.9, 39.1) 279
  Lives here NA 48.7 (42.2, 55.3) 12,265
  P-value   0.001  
Age group (years)    
  <5 NA 58.0 (50.8, 65.3) 1,782
  5-9 NA 51.3 (42.8, 59.7) 1,883
  10-14 NA 49.4 (42.2, 56.6) 1,503
  15-19 NA 42.0 (35.1, 49.2) 1,332
  20+ NA 45.7 (39.4, 52.1) 6,022
  P-value   <0.001  
Sex    
  Female NA 50.1 (43.6, 56.6) 6,243
  Male NA 46.6 (39.9, 53.5) 6,269
  P-value   0.004  
Total 61.4 (55.3, 67.4) 48.3 (41.8, 54.9) 12,548
  1. NA = not applicable, as the indicator is calculated at a household level and cannot be allocated to individuals. P- values of chi2 tests.