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Table 2 Distribution of anti-malarial drugs and mode of treatment across demographic groups and sources of treatment

From: Drugs use pattern for uncomplicated malaria in medicine retail outlets in Enugu urban, southeast Nigeria: implications for malaria treatment policy

  Gender Age group Mode of treatment Outlet type
  Male Female <5 years 5-12 years ≥13 years Self-treatment Outlet treatment Prescription Pharmacy PMV
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Drug category           
ACT 527 (71.4) 434 (74.3) 74 (87.1) 102 (91.9) 785 (70.0) 318 (52.2) 425 (90.) 218 (90.8) 594 (74.1) 367 (70.7)
Monotherapy 211 (28.6) 149 (25.6) 11 (12.9) 9 (8.1) 340 (30) 291 (48.8) 47 (10.0) 22 (9.2) 208 (25.9) 152 (29.5)
Total 738 583 85 111 1125 609 472 240 802 519
Treatment mode           
Prescription 132 (17.9) 108 (18.5) 34 (40.0) 25 (22.5) 181 (16.1) - - - 138 (17.2) 102 (19.6)
Recommendation 263 (35.6) 209 (35.9) 31 (36.5) 44 (39.6) 397 (35.3) - - - 262 (32.7) 210 (40.5)
Self-treatment 343 (46.5) 266 (45.6) 20 (23.5) 42 (37.9) 547 (48.6) - - - 402 (50.1) 207 (39.9)
Total 738 583 85 111 1125     802 519
AMFm 170 (32.2) 156 (36.0) 30 (40.5) 54 (53) 242 (31) 100 (32) 165 (39) 61 (28) 164 (27.6) 162 (44)
  1. ACT = Artemisinin Combination Therapy; PMV = Patent Medicine Vendor.