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Table 3 The median prices and drug treatment costs of anti-malarial drugs in the surveyed retail outlets, across categories

From: Drugs use pattern for uncomplicated malaria in medicine retail outlets in Enugu urban, southeast Nigeria: implications for malaria treatment policy

  Drug price (Naira) Treatment cost (Naira)
Variable Median Range Median Range Mean 95% CI
Anti-malarial drugs 350 30-2,100 420 50-4,800 496.77 478.03-515.51
ACT 450 100-1,150 500 100-2,600 575.78 557.48-594.08
Monotherapy 150 30-2,100 175 50-4,800 285.86 244.60-327.12
AMFm 300 100-450 345 100-1,700 349.82 335.82-363.81
Gender       
Male 350 50/1,550 420 60–2,670 500.49 476.56-524.42
Female 350 30/2,100 410 50-4,800 492.07 462.23-521.91
Age group       
Under 5 300 100/1,250 450 100-2,250 556.24 470.49-641.98
5-12 yrs 250 70/900 320 70-1,400 397.39 351.83- 442.95
over 12 350 30/2,100 420 50-4,800 502.08 481.59-522.58
Treatment mode       
Prescription 490 70/2,100 560 90-4,800 678.25 619.73-736.77
Outlet treatment 350 60/1,900 450 70-1,900 508.99 485.86-532.14
Self-medication 300 30/1,550 320 50-2,670 415.78 389.62-532.14
Outlet type       
Pharmacy 350 30/2,100 450 50-4,800 548.61 521.61- 575.61
Patent medicine vendor 300 70/1,500 380 70-1,650 416.67 395.20-438.14
  1. ACT = artemisinin-based combination therapy; AMFm = Affordable Medicine Facility-malaria; US$1 = N155.