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Table 2 The proper rate of the major indexes of malaria-related KAPs among mountain worker populations before intervention

From: Eliminating Plasmodium falciparum in Hainan, China: a study on the use of behavioural change communication intervention to promote malaria prevention in mountain worker populations

Index Testing area Control area χ 2 p
  n % n %   
How malaria is spread 205 37.60 167 44.10 3.95 0.05*
Onset symptoms of malaria 314 57.60 199 52.50 2.27 0.13
Types of malaria 88 16.10 74 19.50 1.80 0.18
Malaria prevention methods 190 34.80 112 29.60 2.80 0.09
Mosquito breeding grounds 236 43.20 150 39.50 1.22 0.27
Anti-mosquito effect of insecticide treated bed nets 210 38.50 164 43.20 2.15 0.14
Whether avoiding mosquito can prevent malaria 264 48.30 209 55.10 4.13 0.04*
Using bed nets actively in the mountains 68 12.50 53 14.00 0.46 0.50
Acceptance of information about malaria 346 63.30 225 59.40 1.52 0.22
Preventive drugs for malaria 106 19.50 78 20.70 0.19 0.66
Treatment drugs for malaria 216 39.50 141 37.10 0.53 0.47
Method of preventive drugs 53 9.70 41 10.90 0.30 0.58
Having a plan to prevent mosquitoes 225 41.30 165 43.50 0.50 0.48
Having a plan to not sleep outdoors in the mountains 239 43.70 143 37.60 3.37 0.07
Taking preventive measures while working in the mountains 209 38.20 165 43.60 2.57 0.11
Percentage sleeping outdoors in the mountains 179 32.78 136 35.90 0.96 0.33
Actual use of a bed net at home 128 23.44 104 27.50 1.90 0.17
Accepting a blood test when having a fever 238 43.59 206 54.30 10.38 0.00*
Accepting ITNs at home 187 34.25 144 37.90 1.37 0.24
What to do when suffering from malaria 327 59.80 233 61.40 0.24 0.63
  1. *p < 0.05.
  2. Nine hundred twenty-five persons (testing area, 546; control area, 379) participated in the survey before undergoing the BBC-strategy-intervention.