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Table 5 The proper rate of the major indexes of the malaria-related KAPs among mountain worker populations after intervention

From: Eliminating Plasmodium falciparum in Hainan, China: a study on the use of behavioural change communication intervention to promote malaria prevention in mountain worker populations

Index Testing area Control area χ 2 P
  n % n %   
How malaria is spread 473 85.20 258 65.65 49.96 0.00*
Onset symptoms of malaria 502 90.40 257 65.30 90.49 0.00*
Types of malaria 114 20.60 8 22.50 0.47 0.49
Malaria prevention methods 414 74.60 201 51.20 55.52 0.00*
Mosquito breeding grounds 490 88.20 215 54.80 136.11 0.00*
Anti-mosquito effect of insecticide treated bed nets 441 79.50 316 80.30 0.13 0.72
Whether avoiding mosquito can prevent malaria 498 89.70 290 73.80 41.66 0.00*
Using bed nets actively in the mountains 380 68.50 137 34.90 104.82 0.00*
Acceptance of information about malaria 467 84.10 344 87.50 2.14 0.14
Preventive drugs for malaria 228 41.10 155 39.50 0.26 0.61
Treatment drugs for malaria 302 54.40 179 45.60 7.24 0.01*
Method of preventive drugs 87 15.70 54 13.70 0.68 0.41
Having a plan to prevent mosquitoes 513 92.50 217 55.30 179.96 0.00*
Having a plan to not sleep outdoors in the mountains 485 87.40 264 67.20 56.67 0.00*
Taking preventive measures while working in the mountains 459 82.70 241 61.30 54.44 0.00*
Percentage sleeping outdoors in the mountains 28 5.05 105 26.70 89.60 0.01*
Actual use of a bed net at home 450 81.08 191 48.60 110.85 0.00*
Accepting a blood test when having a fever 473 85.23 274 69.60 33.11 0.00*
Accepting ITNs at home 514 92.61 219 55.80 178.53 0.00*
What to do when suffering from malaria 470 84.70 340 86.50 0.62 0.43
  1. *p < 0.05.
  2. Nine hundred forty-eight persons (testing area, 555; control area, 393) participated in the survey after undergoing the BBC-strategy-intervention.