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Table 2 Resistance of larvae to deltamethrin, DDT and bendiocarb

From: Insecticide resistance mechanisms associated with different environments in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae: a case study in Tanzania

Area Pop Deltamethrin DDT Bendiocarb
   LC50 (95% CI) RR50 (95% CI) LC50 (95% CI) RR50 (95% CI) LC50 (95% CI) RR50 (95% CI)
Lab strains KIS 6.8 (2.6-10.5) 1 407.6 (284.7-786.8) 1 29.1 (20.5-41.6) 1
  IFA 22.9 (21.2-24.8) 3.8 (2.3-8.1) 135.2 (115.9-155.1) 0.3 (0.2-0.4) 29.6 (23.7-36.5) 1.0 (0.9-1.2)
Urban ILA 49.3 (39.5-60.3) 7.3 (5.7-15.1) 738.0 (582.2-1011.0) 1.8 (1.3-2.0) 73.5 (50.4-132.0) 2.5 (2.5-3.2)
  TEM 104.6 (70.0-213.0) 15.4 (20.2-26.7) 832.5 (654.1-1154.0) 2.0 (1.5-2.3) 42.9 (31.8-61.5) 1.5 (1.5-1.5)
  KIN 67.7 (50.4-101.3) 10.0 (9.6-19.2) 722.8 (594.0-922.7) 1.8 (2.1-1.2) 82.5 (60.1-137.2) 2.8 (2.9-3.3)
Non-polluted ZEN 27.0 (17.6-36.6) 4.0 (3.4-6.7) 655.9 (518.9-886.3) 1.6 (1.0-1.8) 43.6 (27.4-83.9) 1.5 (1.3-2.0)
  KIL 27.0 (16.9-38.8) 4.0 (3.7-6.4) 773.5 (651.7-930.6) 1.9 (1.2-2.9) 58.9 (39.0-111.4) 2.0 (1.9-2.7)
  MUH 30.4 (21.6-39.5) 4.5 (3.7-8.2) 633.8 (503.6-847.4) 1.6 (1.0-1.8) 63.0 (41.0-125.6) 2.2 (2.0-3.0)
Agriculture RUN 34.6 (26.9-45.0) 5.1 (4.3-10.3) 175.6 (147.9-203.4) 0.4 (0.3-0.5) 37.5 (29.8-47.1) 1.3 (1.1-1.5)
  KIK 103.4 (83.5-136.8) 15.2 (13.0-31.8) 172.0 (132.1-213.2) 0.4 (0.3-0.5) 103.4 (83.5-136.8) 3.5 (3.3-4.1)
  KAW 30.0 (18.2-49.8) 4.4 (4.3-6.9) 164.6 (132.3-197.6) 0.4 (0.2-0.5) 34.8 (26.9-45.6) 1.2 (1.1-1.3)
  1. LC50: lethal concentration for 50% of individuals (μg/L). RR50: resistance ratio based on LC50 values. RR50 values with CI95 intervals not overlapping those of both susceptible strains are shown in bold. Bioassays were performed on Anopheles gambiae sensu lato larvae.