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Table 1 Baseline perceptions on malaria and repellents

From: Feasibility of repellent use in a context of increasing outdoor transmission: a qualitative study in rural Tanzania

  Repellent n (%) Placebo n (%) Totals n (%) P- value
What is malaria     
Disease 285 (93.44%) 270 (95.07%) 555 (94.23%) 0.397
Don’t know 20 (6.56%) 14 (4.93%) 34 (5.77%)  
Causes of malaria     
Mosquitoes 302 (99.01%) 280 (98.59%) 582 (98.81%) 0.634
Other 3 (0.99%) 4 (1.41%) 7 (1.19%)  
Knowledge of malaria prevention methods     0.664
Bed nets 286 (94.38%) 271 (95.42%) 557 (94.89%)  
Environmental management 7 (2.31%) 3 (1.05%) 10 (1.70%)  
Going to hospitals 4 (1.32%) 2 (0.70%) 6 (1.02%)  
Using repellents 1 (0.33%) 1 (0.35%) 2 (0.34%)  
Don’t know 5 (1.65%) 7 (2.46%) 12 (2.04%)  
Knowledge of mosquito breeding site     0.998
Water puddle 291 (95.40%) 270 (95.40%) 561 (95.41%)  
Other 14 (4.60%) 13 (4.60%) 27 (4.59%)  
Protection methods used     
Bed nets 294 (95.14%) 277 (96.85%) 571 (95.97%) 0.600
Mosquito coils 3 (0.97%) 3 (1.04%) 6 (1.01%)  
Environmental management 7 (2.26%) 5 (1.74%) 12 (2.02%)  
Covering oneself 4 (1.29%) 1 (0.34%) 6 (0.84%)  
Using repellents 1 (0.32%) - 1 (0.17%)  
Reasons for using protection methods     
Effective 174 (56.31%) 154 (54.03%) 328 (55.22%) 0.008
Readily available 34 (11.00%) 22 (7.71%) 56 (9.34%)  
Cheap 23 (7.44%) 8 (2.80%) 31 (5.22%)  
Easy to use 76 (24.59%) 100 (35.08%) 176 (29.63%)  
Other 2 (0.64%) 1 (0.35%) 3 (0.51%)  
Reasons for not using repellents     
Don’t understand use 139 (45.27%) 118 (41.40%) 257 (43.41%) 0.057
Not aware of repellents 38 (12.37%) 28 (9.82%) 66 (11.15%)  
Not available 109 (35.50%) 115 (40.35%) 224 (37.84%)  
Expensive 16 (5.21%) 24 (8.42%) 40 (6.76%)  
Other 5 (1.62%) - 5 (0.84%)  
Willingness to use repellents     
Yes 309 (99.67%) 286 (100%) 595 (99.83%) 0.336
No 1 (0.32%) - 1 (0.17%)