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Table 1 Children whose caretakers sought early or delayed treatment ( n= 287)

From: Determinants of delay in care seeking among children under five with fever in Dodoma region, central Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic Sought early or delayed medical care1
Early 132 (44.6%) Delayed 155 (55.4%) All children (n = 287)
Age (in months) of child:    
  0-11 30 (10.6) 23 (8.5) 53 (19.0)
  12-23 36 (12.8) 50 (17.7) 86 (30.5)
  24-35 22 (7.0) 32 (11.4) 54 (18.3)
  36-47 26 (8.6) 29 (10.2) 55 (18.8)
  48-59 18 (5.6) 21 (7.7) 39 (13.3)
Sex of child (male) 68 (23.2) 81 (29.2) 149 (52.4)
Relationship of child to head of household (non-biological son/daughter) 7 (2.3) 17 (5.8) 24 (8.1)
Child had convulsion (yes) 6 (2.0) 6 (2.2) 12 (4.1)
Child had diarrhoea (yes) 65 (22.6) 67 (23.9) 132 (46.5)
Child had cough/flu (yes) 96 (33.0) 109 (40.2) 205 (73.3)
Child had vomiting (yes) 47 (15.4) 45 (16.1) 92 (31.4)
Fever perceived as a sign of a disease (yes) 103 (34.2) 111 (39.4) 214 (73.6)
Perceived severity of fever for child:    
  Mild 57 (19.5) 81 (28.6) 138 (48.0)
  Moderate 58 (19.2) 50 (17.9) 108 (37.0)
  Severe 17 (5.9) 24 (9.0) 41 (14.9)
Both biological parents stay at home (no) 30 (10.2) 51 (17.5) 81 (27.7)
Biological mother stays at home (no) 3 (0.9) 4 (1.5) 7 (2.3)
Number of under-five children in household (2-3) 24 (8.2) 37 (13.1) 61 (21.4)
Caretakers    
Age (years), mean (SE) 30.0 (0.4) 29.8 (0.5) 29.9 (0.3)
Education:    
  No education 27 (9.2) 36 (13.7) 63 (22.8)
  Primary 98 (33.2) 110 (38.9) 208 (72.1)
  Secondary and above 7 (2.2) 9 (2.8) 16 (5.0)
Occupation:    
  Unemployed 16 (4.4) 6 (1.6) 22 (6.0)
  Agricultural activities 90 (31.4) 117 (44.0) 207 (75.4)
  Non-agricultural activities 26 (8.7) 32 (10.0) 58 (18.5)
Years in current place of residence (always) 67 (23.3) 80 (28.8) 147 (52.0)
Marital status (married) 106 (35.4) 109 (39.7) 215 (75.2)
Main source of information in matters of health (health worker) 104 (35.5) 121 (43.3) 225 (78.8)
Head of household    
Sex (male) 108 (36.2) 116 (42.1) 224 (78.2)
Age (years), mean (SE) 36.5 (2.3) 37.6 (1.6) 37.1 (1.4)
Education:    
  No education 23 (8.4) 33 (12.2) 56 (20.7)
  Primary 98 (32.7) 114 (40.9) 212 (73.6)
  Secondary and above 11 (3.4) 8 (2.3) 19 (5.7)
Occupation:    
  Unemployed 4 (1.5) 4 (1.1) 8 (2.6)
  Agricultural activities 98 (35.0) 133 (49.4) 231 (84.4)
  Non-agricultural activities 30 (8.1) 18 (4.9) 48 (13.0)
Household size, mean (SE) 5.1 (0.4) 5.3 (0.2) 5.2 (0.2)
Economic status:    
  Poorest 28 (10.0) 40 (14.8) 68 (24.8)
  Second 31 (10.9) 49 (17.4) 80 (28.2)
  Middle 25 (9.7) 32 (12.5) 57 (22.1)
  Fourth 30 (9.9) 24 (8.3) 54 (18.2)
  Highest 18 (4.2) 10 (2.4) 28 (6.6)
Place of residence (rural) 98 (34.9) 139 (51.6) 237 (86.5)
Distance to nearest HF (≥5 km) 71 (24.3) 107 (39.6) 178 (63.9)
Distance to nearest market (≥5 km) 81 (28.7) 124 (46.0) 205 (74.7)
Main road passable throughout the year (no) 37 (13.5) 40 (14.6) 77 (28.1)
Perceived quality of main road (poor) 54 (19.4) 61 (22.4) 115 (41.8)
  1. 1Data are presented as frequency (%) or mean (SE) for categorical and continuous variables, respectively.