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Table 3 Insecticide-treated nets (ITN) utilisation to protect under-five children

From: Insecticide-treated nets ownership and utilization among under-five children following the 2010 mass distribution in Burkina Faso

  Model 1: Model 2:
  Small household Large household
  (≤6 members, n = 647) (>6 members, n = 959)
Fixed effects   
Intercept (estimate, SE) 0.55 (0.51) 0.22 (0.46)
OR (95%CI)   
Intra-household saturation with ITNs: At least 1 ITN for every 2 people 1.6 (1.022.58) 1.9 (1.073.42)
Vector control activities 0.9 (0.58–1.44) 1.5 (1.072.16)
At least 1 episode of child illness during the preceding 2 weeks 1.5 (0.92–2.56) 1.5 (1.032.12)
Residential area   
Peri-urban versus urban 1.4 (0.59–3.33) 0.9 (0.47–1.69)
Rural versus urban 1.0 (0.41–2.22) 1.2 (0.67–2.14)
Ownership of agricultural land 1.9 (1.103.30) 0.9 (0.57–1.32)
Ownership of any cattle 0.8 (0.48–1.41) 1.3 (0.70–2.24)
Access to safe drinking water 1.2 (0.60–2.30) 1.2 (0.75–1.94)
Access to private toilets 0.9 (0.45–1.62) 0.8 (0.49–1.15)
Distance to nearest lake or stagnant water point (<1000 vs. ≥1000 m) 1.3 (0.80–2.17) 0.9 (0.65–1.32)
Children’s age (months; reference = 0–11)   
12–23 2.2 (1.104.55) 1.3 (0.78–2.28)
24–35 2.0 (0.98–3.94)* 1.1 (0.66–1.82)
36–47 1.6 (0.81–3.11) 1.1 (0.67–1.84)
48–59 1.3 (0.80–2.17) 1.0 (0.60–1.75)
Random effect   
Household (estimate, SE) 0.91 (0.40) 0.96 (0.20)
Intra-class correlation (95% CI) 20.1 (4.3–58.7) 21.7 (10.8–39.0)
  1. Notes: SE = Standard error; OR = Odds ratio; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval; Bold = p value <0.05; *P value <0.10; Among households owning at least one ITN, unadjusted OR (95% CI) = 1.71 (1.09–2.69) in small households and 1.84 (1.04–3.27) in large ones; Cleaning house, elimination of stagnant water and larval sites around the house by the mother of the under-five children; Any illness; Beef, camel, goat, horse, pig or sheep.