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Table 4 Sources of blood meal in female anophelines in the irrigated and non-irrigated villages in the Ziway area, Ethiopia, between November 2009 and October 2010

From: Increased malaria transmission around irrigation schemes in Ethiopia and the potential of canal water management for malaria vector control

  An. arabiensis An. pharoensis An. coustani An. funestus
Irrigated villages     
Number testeda 2,101 992 215 58
Positive for human blood (%) 1,678 (80.0) 631 (63.6) 107 (49.8) 21 (36.2)
Positive for bovine blood (%) 593 (28.2) 491 (49.5) 156 (72.6) 45 (77.6)
Unidentified (%)b 16 (0.8) 21 (2.1) 9 (4.2) 2 (3.4)
Non-irrigated villages     
Number tested 234 71 29 -c
Positive for human blood (%) 171 (73.1) 42 (59.2) 11 (37.9)  
Positive for bovine blood (%) 56 (23.9) 38 (53.5) 23 (79.3) -
Unidentified (%) 13 (5.6) 5 (7.0) 4 (13.8) -
  1. aSamples that were positive for both human blood and bovine blood were included in both categories. Hence the total in each row could be more than 100%.
  2. bUnidentified blood was neither from humans nor from cattle.
  3. cNo An. funestus were collected in the non-irrigated villages.