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Table 4 Comparative kdr and ace-1 R allele frequencies in live and dead Anopheles gambiae collected from experimental huts in Tiassalé

From: Combining organophosphate-treated wall linings and long-lasting insecticidal nets fails to provide additional control over long-lasting insecticidal nets alone against multiple insecticide-resistant Anopheles gambiae in Côte d’Ivoire: an experimental hut trial

  kdr allele frequency (n) ace-1Rallele frequency (n)
Treatments Live Dead Live Dead
First trial (single intervention)     
1 Pyrethroid WL 0.87 (75) 0.89 (38) -- --
2 P-methyl WL (walls only) 0.81 (16) 0.83 (32) 0.44 (25) 0.38 (73)
3 P-methyl NWH (walls only) 0.81 (16) 0.88 (16) 0.45 (33) 0.43 (34)
4 P-methyl WL (walls and ceiling) 0.91 (16) 0.89 (22) 0.46 (24) 0.33 (32)
5 P-methyl NWH (walls and ceiling) 0.75 (12) 0.83 (20) 0.52 (25) 0.44 (45)
Second trial (combined intervention)     
1 Control (untreated net) 0.91 (76) 0.91 (16) 0.48 (77) 0.40 (15)
2 LLIN 0.88 (41) 0.86 (62) -- --
3 P-methyl WL 0.88 (24) 0.79 (24) 0.52 (24) 0.50 (24)
4 P-methyl NWH 0.79 (24) 0.83 (20) 0.48 (24) 0.45 (21)
5 P-methyl WL + LLIN 0.95 (11) 0.89 (41) 0.50 (11) 0.43 (42)
6 P-methyl NWH + LLIN 0.84 (19) 0.81 (18) 0.55 (19) 0.39 (18)