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Table 1 Knock-down times and percent mortality 24 hours after a 1-hour exposure to the WHO diagnostic dose of insecticide in 13 Anopheles gambiae s .l. populations from Zimbabwe in 2012

From: Nationwide assessment of insecticide susceptibility in Anopheles gambiae populations from Zimbabwe

Site (District) Insecticide N % Knockdown at 60 min % Mortality at 24 hrs
Mazowe River Bridge (Rushinga) DDT (4%) 80 100 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 80 100 100
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 80 100 100
Malathion (5%) 80 100 100
Muzarabani RHC (Centenary) DDT (4%) 80 100 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 80 100 100
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 80 100 100
Malathion (5%) 80 100 100
Zindi RHC (Mutasa) DDT (4%) ND ND ND
Bendiocarb (0.1%) ND ND ND
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 20 100 100
Malathion (5%) ND ND ND
Chilonga RHC (Chiredzi) DDT (4%) 40 100 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 40 100 100
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 40 100 100
Malathion (5%) 40 100 100
Makakabule RHC (Beit Bridge) DDT (4%) 40 100 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 40 100 100
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 40 100 100
Malathion (5%) 20 100 100
Jotsholo (Lupane) DDT (4%) 20 95 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 20 100 100
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 20 100 100
Malathion (5%) 20 100 100
Manjolo (Binga) DDT (4%) 20 100 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 20 100 100
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 20 100 100
Malathion (5%) 20 100 100
Kamhororo (Gokwe South) DDT (4%) 80 100 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 80 100 100
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 80 100 100
Malathion (5%) 80 100 100
Kotwa (Mudzi) DDT (4%) 80 100 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 80 100 100
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 80 100 98
Malathion (5%) 80 100 100
Maramba RHC (Uzumba Maramba Pfungwe) DDT (4%) 80 100 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 40 100 100
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 80 100 100
Malathion (5%) 40 100 100
Burma Valley Clinic (Mutare) DDT (4%) 40 100 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 40 100 100
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 60 100 100
Malathion (5%) 42 100 100
Kasimure (Hurungwe) DDT (4%) 20 100 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 20 100 100
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 20 100 100
Malathion (5%) ND ND ND
Chakari (Sanyati) DDT (4%) 84 100 100
Bendiocarb (0.1%) 80 99 99
λ-cyhalothrin (0.05%) 80 100 99
Malathion (5%) 82 100 100
  1. ND, not done; RHC, rural health centre.