Impact of BMS
on abundance and potentially infectious female, applied in isolation and in combination. (a) and (b) depict abundance and PIF, respectively. Both HVCIs are applied in isolation with C =50% and C =75%, and in combination with C =50% each, with killing K being fixed at 50%. Each colour-coded plot represents a specific case of isolated or combined application, with colour keys presented in the legend. The x-axis denotes simulation time (in days), and the y-axis denotes abundance or PIF. The warm-up period is omitted from the results.