Impact of BMD
on abundance and potentially infectious female, applied in isolation and in combination. (a) and (b) depict abundance and PIF, respectively. BMD
, with moderate and high levels of coverage (C =50% and C =75%), and G
, with low level of coverage (C =25%), are applied in isolation. Both HVCIs, in combination, are applied with low level of coverage (C =25%) each. In all cases, killing K is fixed at a low level of 25%. Each colour-coded plot represents a specific case of isolated or combined application, with colour keys presented in the legend. The x-axis denotes simulation time (in days), and the y-axis denotes abundance or PIF. The warm-up period is omitted from the results.