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Table 1 Characteristics of facilities, providers and of the observed women’s antenatal care consultations (if ≥16 weeks pregnant) for five service provision assessment surveys conducted in sub-Saharan Africa

From: Factors affecting providers’ delivery of intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy: a five-country analysis of national service provision assessment surveys

Variables Kenya 2010 Namibia 2009 Rwanda 2007 Tanzania 2006 Uganda 2007 All combined
Facility N = 394 N = 165 N = 149 N = 372 N = 205 N = 1,285
Facility type       
 Health centre 25.6% 19.4% 94.6% 8.3% 27.3% 28.1%
 Hospital 52.0% 2.4% 2.7% 30.1% 41.0% 31.8%
 Health post/dispensary 22.3% 78.2% 2.7% 61.6% 31.7% 40.1%
Public facility 67.3% 99.4% 70.5% 80.4% 77.1% 77.1%
Facility has fee for medicines 31.7% 0.6% 4.7% 4.3% 3.9% 12.2%
Missing 0.5% 0.0% 5.4% 0.0% 0.5% 0.9%
Facility has IPTp guidelines 53.0% 3.0% 50.3% 51.3% 47.8% 45.0%
Facility claims routine IPTp 95.2% 72.7% 96.0% 94.6% 99.5% 92.9%
Missing 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.5% 0.0% 0.2%
SP stocked-out on visit day 8.6% 22.4% 10.7% 12.1% 6.8% 11.4%
Missing 0.8% 0.6% 0.0% 0.8% 0.0% 0.5%
Provider N = 461 N = 210 N = 149 N = 405 N = 213 N = 1,438
Type of provider       
 Physician 5.9% 0.0% 2.0% 5.7% 3.3% 4.2%
 Enrolled nurse/midwife 47.5% 59.5% 2.7% 14.1% 50.2% 35.6%
 Registered nurse/midwife 42.7% 38.6% 79.2% 34.6% 33.8% 42.3%
 Other 2.4% 1.0% 15.4% 44.4% 7.0% 16.1%
Missing 1.5% 1.0% 0.7% 1.2% 5.6% 1.9%
Supervised in last 6 months 78.3% 70.5% 86.6% 78.8% 79.3% 78.3%
Missing 1.7% 1.0% 1.3% 1.2% 6.1% 2.1%
Trained for IPTp in last year 31.2% 25.7% 30.2% 16.5% 32.4% 26.3%
Missing 2.2% 1.0% 0.7% 1.2% 6.1% 2.2%
Consultations/clients N = 1,371 N = 637 N = 669 N = 1,546 N = 753 N = 4,976
IPTp administered as DOT 41.8% 8.0% 59.0% 25.4% 42.0% 34.7%
Prescribed/Given IPTp 67.5% 19.1% 69.3% 49.1% 65.2% 55.4%
Missing 0.2% 0.3% 1.0% 0.1% 0.5% 0.3%
Primigravidae 31.1% 35.2% 28.7% 24.3% 30.5% 29.1%
Missing 1.0% 0.2% 0.6% 0.1% 0.3% 0.4%
First visit at facility 38.9% 50.7% 50.2% 39.4% 46.6% 43.2%
Missing 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0%
Education       
 None 8.2% 11.9% 35.1% 21.9% 19.8% 18.3%
 Primary 49.9% 25.0% 54.9% 66.7% 48.5% 52.4%
 Secondary/Higher 39.2% 63.1% 7.8% 11.3% 29.0% 27.8%
Missing 2.7% 0.0% 2.2% 0.1% 2.8% 1.5%
Age       
 <20 years 13.7% 21.5% 4.0% 15.5% 21.1% 15.1%
 20-29 years 63.4% 49.5% 59.2% 57.8% 56.8% 58.3%
 ≥30 years 19.9% 25.7% 34.4% 26.6% 19.1% 24.6%
Missing 3.0% 3.3% 2.4% 0.2% 2.9% 2.1%
Weeks of pregnancy (mean) 29.9 27.9 26.5 27.9 28.8 28.4
  1. Descriptive statistics do not take into account survey weights.
  2. ANC = antenatal care; IPTp = intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy; DOT = directly observed therapy.