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Table 4 Determinants of access and use

From: Determinants of the use of insecticide-treated bed nets on islands of pre- and post-malaria elimination: an application of the health belief model in Vanuatu

Determinants Beliefs or factors HBM constructs Islands
Malaria risk    
Beliefs or factors associated with ITN access and use Health consequences (death) Severity Am An
Social consequences (depopulation) Severity   An
Loss of acquired immunity Susceptibility   An
Human movement Susceptibility Am An
Insufficient screening Susceptibility   An
Hot, wet (rainy) season Susceptibility Am An
High mosquito density Susceptibility Am An
The potential risks of malaria infections Susceptibility Am An
Beliefs or factors associated with non-use Cold, dry season Susceptibility Am An
Low mosquito density Susceptibility Am An
Low risk of infection Susceptibility Am An
The disappearance of malaria-infected anopheline mosquitoes Susceptibility Am  
The reduction in malaria incidence Susceptibility Am  
Intervention services (tools and services)
Beliefs or factors associated with ITN access and use Free mass distribution (catch-up) Cues Am An
National campaigns Cues Am An
Community-based campaigns Cues   An
ITN prevention (malaria) Benefits Am An
ITN protection (mosquitoes) Benefits Am An
ITN prevention (other diseases) Benefits Am An
ITN protection (other pests) Benefits   An
Beliefs or factors associated with non-use Time and cost to replace nets (keep-up) Barriers Am An
Insufficient or a lack of ITNs in the home Barriers Am An
ITNs in poor condition Barriers Am An
Inconvenience of hanging Barriers Am An
Excessive heat in the net (discomfort) Barriers Am An
Side effects of the chemical Barriers Am An
Personal factors (modifying factors and self-efficacy)
Beliefs or factors associated with access and use Willingness or confidence to use ITNs Self-efficacy Am An
Knowledge Modifying factors Am An
Experiences (malaria history) Modifying factors Am An
Healthy habits (consistent ITN use) Modifying factors Am An
Motivation for ITN use in an effort to eliminate malaria (healthy life) Modifying factors   An
Beliefs or factors associated with non-use Unwillingness to buy or use ITNs Self-efficacy Am An
The absence of financial resources Modifying factors Am An
Insufficient knowledge Modifying factors Am An
  1. Am: Ambae, An: Aneityum.