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Table 2 Care-seeking and treatment patterns for children under five with fever

From: Patterns and predictors of malaria care-seeking, diagnostic testing, and artemisinin-based combination therapy for children under five with fever in Northern Nigeria: a cross-sectional study

  Bauchi (N = 379) Sokoto (N = 435) Total (N = 814) P-value
N % N % N %
Sought Treatment  
Yes 299 78.9% 325 74.7% 624 76.7% 0.16
No 80 21.1% 110 25.3% 190 23.3%
  Bauchi (N = 299) Sokoto (N = 325) Total (N = 624)  
Location of first-line treatment or advice sought  
Formal 146 48.8% 141 43.4% 287 46.0% 0.17
Health facility 138 46.2% 135 41.5% 273 43.8% 0.24
Private doctor 8 2.7% 6 1.8% 14 2.2% 0.45
Informal 153 51.2% 184 56.6% 337 54.0% 0.17
PMVs 136 45.5% 148 45.5% 284 45.5% 1.00
CBHV 5 1.7% 15 4.6% 20 3.2% 0.04
Traditional Practitioner 5 1.7% 10 3.1% 15 2.4% 0.26
Otheri 7 2.3% 11 3.4% 18 2.9% 0.41
Timing of first-line treatment  
Prompt 192 64.2% 192 59.1% 384 61.5% 0.19
Not Prompt 107 35.8% 133 40.9% 240 38.5%
Treatment  
Received diagnostic blood test 30 10.0% 31 9.8% 61 9.8% 0.84
Received medication 245 81.9% 237 72.9% 482 77.2% 0.02
Received non-anti-malarial medication 131 46.4% 102 35.3% 233 37.3% 0.38
Received anti-malarial 114 38.1% 135 41.5% 249 39.9% 0.38
Received prompt anti-malarial 73 24.4% 92 28.3% 165 26.4% 0.27
Received non-ACT anti-malarial 79 28.0% 107 37.0% 186 29.8% 0.004
Received prompt non-ACT anti-malarial 51 18.1% 69 21.2% 120 19.2% 0.01
Received ACT 35 11.7% 28 8.6% 63 10.1% 0.20
Received prompt ACT 22 7.4% 23 7.1% 45 7.2% 0.89
  1. Bold values are significant at a p <0.05 level.
  2. iFriend/Relative/Unauthorized Drug Seller/Other.