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Table 3 Risk factors for malaria hotspots

From: Identifying malaria hotspots in Keur Soce health and demographic surveillance site in context of low transmission

Factors Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
  OR (95% CI) P OR (95% CI) P
Age group   
Less than 5 years 1 1
5 – 9 years 1.5 (1.05 - 2.34) 0.026 4.7 (2.85 - 5.26) 0.027
More than 9 years 1.4 (0.97 - 2.22) 0.062 2.4 (1.67 - 3.81) 0.038
Materials of sleeping rooms   
Cement 1 1
Banco 1.5 (1.10 - 2.31) 0.014 1.8 (0.97 - 3.64) 0.061
Thatch 1.5 (0.90 - 2.36) 0.070 2.2 (1.16 - 4.35) 0.016
Materials of floor   
Cement 1 1
Banco 1.9 (1.31 - 2.75) 0.001 0.9 (0.83 - 1.12) 0.646
Other 1.3 (0.85 - 2.27) 0.182 0.4 (0.29 - 0.64) 0.000
Rooms having window   
Yes 1 1
No 1.6 (1.01 - 2.82) 0.045 1.0 (0.92 - 1.10) 0.799
Distance to livestock places   
Less than 50 m 1 1
50 – 100 m 0.4 (0.25 - 0.81) 0.009 0.7 (1.02 - 7.42) 0.044
More than 100 m 1.6 (0.74 - 1.71) 0.577 2.1 (1.15 - 8.31) 0.025
Bednet use   
Yes 1 1
No 3.9 (1.39 - 6.22) 0.002 1.2 (1.02 - 1.48) 0.024
Goat ownership   
Yes 1 1
No 1.5 (1.09 - 2.10) 0.012 1.0 (0.99 - 1.12) 0.070
SES of household   
Poorest 1 1
Poorer 0.5 (0.26 - 1.32) 0.202 0.8 (0.63 - 1.08) 0.175
Poor 0.8 (0.38 - 1.81) 0.646 0.9 (0.76 - 1.27) 0.921
Less poor 2.4 (1.14 - 5.08) 0.021 0.7 (0.47 - 0.91) 0.014
Least poor 1.6 (0.76 - 3.37) 0.215 0.6 (0.45 - 0.94) 0.024