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Table 1 Reported confirmed malaria cases and vector control interventions in two high-risk districts in Nepal (2007–2011)

From: Spatio-temporal distribution of malaria and its association with climatic factors and vector-control interventions in two high-risk districts of Nepal

Year District 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Mean
Confirmed malaria Kailali 3.38 3.83 5.96 9.03 8.29 6.10
Incidence/10,000 persons Morang 2.24 2.07 1.02 0.76 0.31 1.28
Indigenous malaria Kailali 1.62 1.88 3.16 4.59 3.73 3.00
Incidence/10,000 persons Morang 1.79 1.88 0.77 0.42 0.19 1.01
Malaria incidence <5 year Kailai 0.33 0.20 0.72 2.87 0.44 0.91
/10,000 persons Morang 0.80 1.03 0.50 0.05 0.08 0.49
Malaria incidence >5 year Kailai 3.96 4.52 6.75 9.92 9.38 6.91
/10,000 persons Morang 2.41 2.20 1.09 0.84 0.37 1.38
LLINS coverage Kailai 11.13 109.78 254.86 454.52 301.51 226.36
/1,000 population Morang 30.40 29.74 69.20 108.14 111.10 69.72
First round IRS coverage/ Kailai 141.21 100.14 55.16 19.29 11.25 65.41
1,000 persons Morang 28.16 7.70 26.06 0.00 13.14 15.01
Second round IRS coverage Kailai 30.50 21.35 4.33 14.72 8.40 15.86
/1,000 persons Morang 36.88 61.73 10.71 17.93 0.00 25.45
% of indigenous Kailai 9.49 13.88 13.47 7.75 3.38 9.59
P. falciparum Morang 31.88 44.63 45.05 24.05 21.62 33.44
% indigenous P. vivax Kailai 36.39 35.89 35.24 42.00 41.22 38.96
  Morang 53.36 43.00 35.14 69.62 43.24 45.67
% Indigenous cases Kailai 45.89 49.76 48.71 49.75 44.59 47.74
  Mornag 88.26 92.18 85.59 69.62 64.86 80.10
% Imported cases Kailai 54.11 50.24 51.29 50.25 55.41 52.24
  Morang 11.74 7.82 14.41 30.38 35.14 13.46
Confirmation by microscopy ( %) Kailai 100 60.05 64.58 57.50 57.84 64.10
  Mornag 100 100 75.68 84.81 100 95.31
Confirmation by RDT (%) Kailai 0 39.95 35.42 42.50 42.16 35.90
  Mornag 0 0 24.32 15.19 0 4.69