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Table 1 Definition and treatment of illnesses in febrile children in intervention group

From: The outcome of a test-treat package versus routine outpatient care for Ghanaian children with fever: a pragmatic randomized control trial

Diagnosis Definition Treatment
Malaria infection Positive malaria RDT Artesunate-amodiaquine for 3 complete days
Bacterial infection Clinical signs of infection on examination of ears, throat and joints, or chest auscultation (e.g. redness, exudates, inflammation, lower chest wall in-drawing, signs of consolidation) and/or urine dipstick positive for nitrites and/or leucocytes Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid for 7 days
Possible viral infection Normal clinical examination, negative malaria RDT and negative urine dipstick Paracetamol (as required)