Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Characteristics of children in the intervention and routine care groups at enrolment

From: The outcome of a test-treat package versus routine outpatient care for Ghanaian children with fever: a pragmatic randomized control trial

  Study group
  All patients (N = 240) Test-Treat (N = 121) Routine care (N = 119)
Educational level of carers    
 None 30 (12.5%) 17 (14.0%) 13 (10.9%)
 Primary 123 (51.2%) 66 (54.5%) 57 (47.9%)
 Secondary School 66 (27.5%) 26 (21.5%) 40 (33.6%)
 Tertiary 21 (8.8%) 12 (9.9%) 9 (7.6%)
Medication taken prior to study    
 Any Drug 175 (72.9%) 86 (71.1%) 89 (74.8%)
 Paracetamol 160 (66.7%) 78 (64.5%) 82 (68.9%)
 Amodiaquine 15 (6.2%) 6 (5.0%) 9 (7.6%)
 Amoxicillin 12 (5.0%) 9 (7.4%) 3 (2.5%)
 Artesunate 7 (2.5%) 4 (3.3%) 2 (1.7%)
 Co-amoxiclav 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0 (0.0%)
 Other drugs 47 (19.6%) 24 (19.5%) 23 (19.7%)
Clinical features at initial assessment    
 Fever 239 (99.6%) 120 (99.2%) 119 (100.0%)
 Temperature, mean (sd) 38.5 (0.9) 38.5 (0.9) 38.5 (0.9)
 Poor feeding 165 (68.7%) 75 (62.0%) 90 (75.6%)
 Cough 106 (44.2%) 38 (31.4%) 68 (57.1%)
 Respiratory rate, mean (sd) 31.4(10.9) 32.0 (10.2) 31.3 (11.1)
 Rhinorrhoea 92 (38.3%) 20 (16.5%) 72 (60.5%)
 Vomiting 92 (38.3%) 43 (35.5%) 49 (41.2%)
 Headache 64 (26.7%) 34 (28.1%) 30 (25.2%)
 Diarrhoea 42 (17.5%) 12 (9.9%) 30 (25.3%)
 Chills 39 (17.0%) 13 (10.7%) 26 (23.4%)
 Inflamed tonsils 14 (5.8%) 13 (10.7%) 1 (0.8%)
 Inflamed Eardrum 4 (1.7%) 4 (3.3%) 0 (0.0%)
 Sweating 14 (5.8%) 4 (3.3%) 10 (8.4%)
 Body pains 10 (4.2%) 4 (3.3%) 6 (5.0%)
 Ear pain 6 (2.5%) 3 (2.5%) 3 (2.5%)
 Others 12 (5%) 10 (7%) 2 (2%)