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Table 3 Site and habitat description of melanic and normal forms of An. arabiensis populations collected in different localities of Sudan in 1999–2000 and 2004-2006

From: A genotypically distinct, melanic variant of Anopheles arabiensi s in Sudan is associated with arid environments

Location Habitat Type Main water source Breeding sites Normal haplotype Melanic haplotype
Khartoum
 El Mowailih Dry Well- pumped closed tanks Water leaking from Well-water tanks 1(19),2,6,9,12 18(3),19,21,24,26(2)27(3),34(2),36(2),39(2),40,48,49,51,52(2),53(3), 54(2),57(3),60,61,65(2),66(3),67(4)
 El Rawakeeb Very Dry Old wells and Well-pumped closed tanks No water pools due to Sandy soil, and high rate of evaporation, Probably breeding in old wells 1(5),7(5),12(2) 29,31,47,53(4),56,60,67(3)
 El Tries Irrigated White Nile Flooded irrigated canals from White Nile 1(8),7, 20,28,30,38(2),50,52,53,
55,58,63,67(3)
 Others Irrigated Nile, White Nile and Blue Nile Flooded irrigated canals from Nile, White Nile and Blue Nile 1(3),8,12(2),15(2),17(2), 23,25,30,
Gedaref
 Bata Semi dry River, River pools, Rain pools and river pools 1(4) 33,66,67(2)
 Kuka irrigated River, River pools Rain pools and river pools 1(3) 19,21,46, 67(2)
 Tabaldia Semi dry River, River pools Rain pools and river pools 1(6),3,7,11,12(2),16 18(3),20,21,22,32,44,45(2),61(2),67(3)
Kassala
 WadSharefi Dry Wells and Well-pumped tanks Water leaking from ell-water tanks 1(15)3,4,5,7,8,13,14,16(2), 20,21,22,29,35,36,37(2)41,42,43,46,57(4),59,61,62,64,66(3),67(9)
North
 Ardwan Irrigated Nile River Flooded irrigated canals rom Nile 1(2), 7 No melanic haplotype
 ElSeleim Irrigated Nile River Flooded irrigated canals from Nile 1(3),7(2) No melanic haplotype
 Sadiac Irrigated Nile River Flooded irrigated canals from Nile 1,7 No melanic haplotype