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Table 4 Haplotypes and nucleotide diversity of mtND5 within melanic and normal forms of An. arabiensis populations collected from different sites in Sudan during 1998–2001 and 2004-2006

From: A genotypically distinct, melanic variant of Anopheles arabiensi s in Sudan is associated with arid environments

Location Form N S H Hd πnd θs θ Taji ma D Fu &Li
Khartoum Normal 53 8 9 0.573 (0.076) 0.00127 (0.00024) 0.00303 -1.3213 -1.6101 -1.6681
Melanic 69 29 35 0.959 (0.028) 0.00514 (0.0003) 0.0099 -1.0686 -1.5263 -1.5681
All 122 33 44 0.907 (0.021) 0.0057 (0.00024) 0.0099 -2.6336* -1.3054 -2.5164*
Gadaref Normal 19 6 6 0.538 (0.133) 0.0011 (0.00036) 0.0026 -2.205 -1.8697* -2.4356
Melanic 24 17 13 0.902 0.00547 (0.00056) 0.0069 -1.0686 -0.7632 -1.1399
0.046
All 43 21 19 0.883 (0.037) 0.00554 0.0078 -1.8960 -0.9456 -1.863
0.00041
Kassala Normal 25 9 10 0.647 (0.110) 0.00133 (0.00032) 0.0040 -3.184** -2.2181** -3.738**
Melanic 32 24 18 0.907 (0.039) 0.00488 (0.0007) 0.0095 -2.277 -1.7072 -2.4653
All 57 32 28 0.905 (0.028) 0.0062 (0.00035) 0.00113 -2.908* -1.4739 -2.8434*
North Normal 10 1 2 0.556 (0.075) 0.00085 (0.00011) 0.0054 0.8042 0.8042 1.0688
Melanic none none none none none none none none none
Overall Normal 107 17 17 0.591 (0.054) 0.00126 (0.00017) 0.00524 -3.1767* -2.1472* -3.3358*
Melanic 125 39 50 0.943 (0.014) 0.0052 (0.0003) 0.0122 -2.1426 -1.7545 -2.3809*
  All 232 50 67 0.897 (0.016) 0.0057 (0.00018) 0.00137 -3.1918* -1.71937 -3.0457**
  1. n, the number of sequences; S, the number of segregating sites; h, number of haplotypes; Hd, haplotypes diversity; π, the average number of pairwise nucleotide differences ((nucleotide diversity); θs the average number of nucleotides segregating per site, θ = Average number of mutation per sequence. Values in parentheses are SE. **P > 0.1; *0.10 > P > 0.05.