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Table 2 Estimated malaria cases based on size of military forces

From: Malaria’s contribution to World War One – the unexpected adversary

Location Perioda(years) Malaria incidence (per 1000 troops) Estimated military population Expected number of malaria casesb Observed number of malaria surveillance cases
British and Dominion forces
Macedonia 3 369 404,207 149,076 162,517
Western Front 4 <1 5,399,563 <5,400 9,022
   6,843,563c <6843  
East Africa 3 126 250,000 31,500 145,850
North Russia 2 8.7 22,258 194 35
German and Central Powers forces
Balkans 4 113 380,000 42,940 32,688
   462,000 55,206 --
Ottoman territory:      
- Turkish troops 4 308 350,000 107,800 412,000 –461,799
- German troops 2 308 5540 1689 4,763
Dardanelles – German troops 1 200 1000 200 --
Galicia and Anatolia Eastern Front 2 5.1 228,000d 1,163 29,952
750,000e 3,825 --
1,045,050 5,330 --
Yugoslavia 2 128 270,000 34,560 --
Western Front 4 <1 5,200,000 <5,200 11,222
  1. Dashes: information not identified.
  2. aApproximate duration of exposure.
  3. bEstimate based on single incident case per soldier, and does not include recurrent episodes or relapses for the same individuals.
  4. cExpected malaria cases based on two estimates for Western Front troop sizes.
  5. dMilitary numbers only for Russo-Turkish offensive winter 1915–1916 [35].
  6. eExpected malaria cases using estimates for Hapsburg army size of 750,000[46] or 1,045,000 [32].