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Table 2 Studies that measure adherence to AQ + AS

From: Adherence to artemisinin-based combination therapy for the treatment of malaria: a systematic review of the evidence

Study design Study author Country Study year Population Sample size Measurement method Adherence
Cross-sectional Beer [56] Zanzibar 2006/2007 <5 210 Pill counts & self–report (questionnaire) 77.0%*
Prospective observational Gerstl [61] Sierra Leone 2008 All patients ≥ 1 year 118 Pill counts & self-report (questionnaire) 48.3%
  Ratsimbasoa [65] Madagascar 2008/2009 <5 543 Self-report 90.0%**
RCT Asante [66] Ghana 2009* 15+ 401 Pill counts 95.7% (S)***
        92.6% (U)
  1. *Range 29-100%.
  2. **Amodiaquine-artesunate co-formulated/fixed-dose combination.
  3. ***(S) = supervised; (U) = unsupervised.