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Table 3 Logistic regression of the odds for LLIN use by children under five years after the Ghana LLIN Campaign

From: Evaluation of a universal long-lasting insecticidal net (LLIN) distribution campaign in Ghana: cost effectiveness of distribution and hang-up activities

Variable N % Univariable analysis Multivariable analysis
    OR 95% CI P-value Adj OR 95% CI P-value
Area of residence         
  Urban 274 50.2 1.00   <0.001 1.00   0.20
  Rural 633 70.9 2.42 1.65, 3.54   1.35 0.85, 2.16  
Wealth quintile         
  Poorest 188 81.6 1.00   <0.001 1.00   0.002
  Second 272 69.3 0.52 0.33, 0.82   0.54 0.33, 0.89  
  Middle 209 59.1 0.33 0.19, 0.57   0.38 0.20, 0.72  
  Fourth 150 49.9 0.22 0.13, 0.39   0.32 0.17, 0.61  
  Least poor 88 53.6 0.26 0.15, 0.46   0.61 0.30, 1.23  
Head of household has any education         
  No 234 67.8 1.00   0.12    
  Yes 671 61.7 0.76 0.54, 1.07     
Lives in HH with ≥1 LLIN observed hanging         
  No 140 27.3 1.00   <0.001 1.00   <0.001
  Yes 767 82.7 12.7 9.15, 17.7   10.0 6.98, 14.5  
Lives in HH with all/some LLINs hanged by volunteer         
  No 474 53.9 1.00   <0.001 1.00   0.02
  Yes 433 77.4 2.94 2.15, 4.01   1.57 1.09, 2.27  
Lives in HH with ≥1 LLIN per 2 people         
  No 432 51.4 1.00   <0.001 1.00   <0.001
  Yes 473 79.2 3.59 2.63, 4.91   3.33 2.31, 4.82  
HH respondent had heard ITN messages from community keep-up         
  No 619 60.6 1.00   0.03 1.00   0.96
  Yes 289 69.0 1.45 1.03, 2.03   0.99 0.69, 1.42  
HH respondent had heard ITN messages on radio         
  No 518 61.4 1.00   0.23    
  Yes 389 65.4 1.19 0.89, 1.58     
HH respondent had seen ITN messages on TV         
  No 605 65.4 1.00   0.11    
  Yes 302 58.7 0.75 0.53, 1.07     
HH respondent knew that ITNs prevent malaria         
  No 201 53.7 1.00   0.001 1.00   0.06
  Yes 706 66.3 1.70 1.24, 2.33   1.43 0.99, 2.06  
  1. Odds ratios presented for Brong Ahafo, Central and Western regions combined.