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Figure 9 | Malaria Journal

Figure 9

From: Analysis of the causes of spawning of large-scale, severe malarial epidemics and their rapid total extinction in western Provence, historically a highly endemic region of France (1745–1850)

Figure 9

Multivariate analysis to illustrate the interrelationships between the favourable factors. Abbreviations for variables: RainD, rainfall during the December month of the previous year; RainNtoS, rainfall from November to September; TempPrevSummer, mean temperature of the summer of the previous year; TempM, mean temperature of March; TempSO mean temperature of September-October; PrevEpid, presence of an epidemic during the previous year. On the one hand, the horizontal axis, accounting for 27.2% of the total variance, gives a precipitation gradient. Hence, the more a year is situated on the left, the more rainy it is globally. On the other hand, the vertical axis, accounting for 26.4% of the total variance, summarizes the factors due to temperature and to the presence of an epidemic the previous year. The binary epidemic factor is used as a supplementary variable. Years with and without epidemics are symbolized by red circles and green squared symbols, respectively. Thus epidemics were more frequently observed in years that were warmer and rainier (the convenient months).

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