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Table 1 Summary of promising anti-malarial flavonoids derived from African flora

From: The potential of anti-malarial compounds derived from African medicinal plants, part II: a pharmacological evaluation of non-alkaloids and non-terpenoids

Compound subclass Isolated metabolites Plant species (Family) Part of plant studied Place of harvest (locality, country) Author, reference
Chalcones 1 and 2 Erythrina abyssinica (Leguminosae) Stem bark Thika town, Kenya Yenesew et al.[56, 57]
  3 Milletia usaramensis ssp. usaramensis (Leguminosae) Stem bark Jadini Forest, Kenya Yenesew et al.[58]
  4, 5 and 6 Uvaria sp. (Annonaceae) Leaves, stem and root bark Tanzania Nkunya et al.[59]
  7 and 8 Friesodielsia obovata (Annonaceae) Root bark Tabora district, Tanzania Joseph et al.[60]
  9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 Polygonum senegalense (Polygonaceae) Aerial parts Nairobi, Kenya Midowo et al. [61]
  4 and 15 Uvaria puguensis (Annonaceae) Stem bark Pugu Forest Reserve, Tanzania Makangara et al.[62]
  16, 17, 18, and 19 Dorstenia barteri (Moraceae) Twigs Tombel, Cameroon Ngameni et al.[63]
Flavanones 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, and 25 Erythrina abyssinica (Leguminosae) Stem bark Thika town, Kenya Yenesew et al.[56, 57]
26 and 27 Derris trifoliate (Leguminosae) Seed pods Coast Province, Kenya Yenesew et al.[64]
28 and 29 Polygonum senegalense (Polygonaceae) Aerial parts Nairobi, Kenya Midowo et al. [61]
30 Erythrina abyssinica (Leguminosae) Stem bark Thika town, Kenya Yenesew et al.[57]
31 and 32 Morus mesozygia (Moraceae) Stem bark Centre Province, Cameroon Zelefack et al.[65]
Isoflavones 33 Ficus mucuso (Moraceae) Figs Tongolo-Yaoundé, Cameroon Bankeu et al.[66]
34 Erythrina sacleuxii (Leguminosae) Root bark Kenya Andayi et al.[67]
Retonoids 35, 36, 37 and 38 Milletia usaramensis ssp. usaramensis (Leguminosae) Stem bark Jadini Forest, Kenya Yenesew et al.[58]