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Table 2 Summary of promising anti-malarial phenolics, polyacetylenes and quinones derived from African flora

From: The potential of anti-malarial compounds derived from African medicinal plants, part II: a pharmacological evaluation of non-alkaloids and non-terpenoids

Compound class Isolated metabolites Plant species (Family) Part of plant studied Place of harvest (locality, country) Author, reference
Phenolics 39 Kigelia africana (Bignoniaceae) Stem bark Bandjoun, Cameroon Zofou et al.[68, 69]
40 and 41 Sorindeia juglandifolia (Anacardiaceae) Fruits Mt. Kalla, Yaoundé, Cameroon Boyom et al. [70]
Kamkumo et al. [71]
42 Combretum molle (Combretaceae ) Stem bark Tigray region, Northern Ethiopia Asres et al.[72]
43 Alchornea cordifolia (Euphorbiaceae) Leaves Ivory Coast Banzouzi et al.[73]
44 Vepris uguenensis (Rutaceae) Roots Baringo District, Kenya Cheplogoi et al.[74]
45 Garcinia polyantha (Guttiferae) Roots Mt Kalla, Yaoundé, Cameroon Lannang et al. [75]
  46 Gossypium sp. (Malvaceae) Seeds Diverse regions from the continent Deck et al. [76]
Polyacetylenes 47, 48, 49 and 50 Cussonia zimmermanii (Araliaceae) Root bark Pugu Forest, Tanzania Senn et al.[77]
Quinones 51, 52, 53 and 54 Hoslundia opposita (Lamiaceae) Root bark Tanzania Achenbach et al.[78]
55 Cassia siamea (Fabaceae) Stem bark Otu (Oyo State), Nigeria Ajaiyeoba et al.[79]
56, 57, 58, 59, 60 and 61 Psorospermum glaberrimum (Hypericaceae) Root bark Ekombité, Cameroon Lenta et al.[80]
62, 63, 64, 65 and 66 Harungana madagascariens (Hypericaceae) Root bark Bazou, Cameroon Lenta et al.[81]
67 Spathodea campanulata (Bignoniaceae) Stem bark Ibadan, Nigeria Makinde et al. [82]
68 and 69 Kniphophia foliosa (Asphodelaceae) Roots   Dagne et al. [83]
Bringmann et al. [84]
70 and 71 Kigelia pinnata (Bignoniaceae) Root bark   Weiss et al. [85]