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Table 1 Malaria vulnerability indicators

From: Assessing the social vulnerability to malaria in Rwanda

Domain Sub-domains Indicators Proxies Sign Source Weights
Susceptibility Generic susceptibility Population pressure Population density in sq km + NISR 2012 0.087
Population change 2002-2012 + NISR, 2012 0.056
Population movements Number of arriving populations + EICV3 2011 0.126
Households size Average number of persons per bedroom + EICV3 2011 0.050
Livelihoods Land area used for irrigation + EICV3 2011 0.081
Poverty index Number of poor populations + DHS 2010 0.134
Biological susceptibility Pregnancy Women of child-bearing age + NISR 2012 0.110
Age Number of children under five years + NISR, 2012 0.113
Number of population above 65 years - NISR, 2012 0.060
HIV HIV prevalence in adults aged 15-49 + DHS2010 0.120
Malnutrition % of households affected by drought and famines + EICV3 2011 0.064
Lack of resilience Capacity to anticipate mosquito biting exposure Education level Low literacy rate + DHS, 2010 0.133
Housing condition Number of households in poor housing wall materials + DHS2010 0.162
Number of households in poor housing roof materials + DHS2010 0.200
Access to media Households without radio + DHS2010 0.113
Households without mobile phone + DHS2010 0.127
Protection measures Number of households without bed nets + DHS, 2010 0.113
Capacity to cope/recover Access to health services Number of health facilities - MoH 0.086
Nurse ratio to population + MoH 0.085
  1. The positive sign indicates if the high indicator values increase the vulnerability while the negative sign indicates the high indicator values decrease the vulnerability. Weights were derived for the individual indicators using the principal component analysis. NISR = National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda; EICV = Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey; DHS = Demographic and Health Survey; MoH: Ministry of Health.