Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 6 Correlation between social indicators and malaria incidence

From: Assessing the social vulnerability to malaria in Rwanda

Vulnerability domains Indicators R R2 p value
Susceptibility Population density    
Number of arriving populations 0.057 0.003 0.052
Women of child-bearing age −0.401* 0.161 0.766
Children under five years of age −0.437* 0.191 0.028
Population above 65 years −0.382* 0.146 0.016
Population change 2002-2012 0.729** 0.531 0.037
Average number of persons per bedroom 0.531** 0.282 0.000
Households affected by drought and famine 0.591** 0.349 0.003
Number of poor populations −0.018 0.000 0.494
Land area used for irrigation 0.611** 0.373 0.927
HIV prevalence in population of 15–49 years −0.130 0.017 0.000
Number of poor populations 0.018 0.000 0.494
Lack of resilience Number of health facilities −0.049 0.002 0.796
Nurse ratio to populations 0.208 0.043 0.796
Households with bed nets −0.398* 0.158 0.269
Low literacy rate 0.136 0.018 0.030
Households without radio 0.190 0.036 0.473
Households without mobile phone −0.174 0.030 0.314
Poor housing wall materials 0.378* 0.143 0.040
Poor housing roof materials 0.254 0.065 0.040
  1. The most significant indicators are highlighted in bold. The sin *means that the correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (two-tailed), and the sign **shows that the correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (two-tailed). The malaria data used have been collected by Rwandan Ministry of Health at health centre catchment’s area for the year 2010 and then aggregated at district level.