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Table 1 General household-level characteristics of Coast Region in comparison to Tanzania rural mainland

From: Care-seeking patterns for fatal malaria in Tanzania

Basic Indicators National Mainland Coast Region*
Household and Housing
Average Household Size 4.9 4.9
Percentage of female-headed households 23 18
Percentage of households with a modern roof 43 24
Percentage of households with modern floor 25 10
Percentage of households with modern walls 25 1
Percentage of households with electricity 12 6
Percentage of households using a toilet 93 98
Mean distance to firewood (km)(rural households only) 3.1 1.7
Mean distance to a shop (km)(rural households only) 1.8 1.0
Mean distance to a bank (km)(rural households only) 37.5 31.3
Education, Health and Water
Percentage of adult men without any education 17 24
Percentage of adult women without any education 33 52
Percentage of adults literate 71 58
Primary net enrollment ratio 59 56
Percentage of individuals ill in 4 weeks before survey 28.3 34
Percentage of ill individuals who consulted any health provider 69 83
Percentage of above who consulted a government provider 54 69
Percentage of households within 6 km of primary health facility 75 69
Mean distance to a dispensary / health centre 4.7 3.5
Mean distance to a hospital (km) 25.6 25.9
Percentage of households with a protected water source 57 23
Percentage of households within 1 km of drinking water 55 51
Mean distance to a primary school (km) 1.8 1.7
Mean distance to a secondary school (km) 12.6 13.1
Economic Activities
Percentage of adults whose primary activity is agriculture 63 62
Percentage of children age 5–14 years who are working 62 57
Mean area of land owned by rural households (acres) 6 2.9
Consumption and Poverty
Consumption expenditure per capita (2000/01 TZS / month) 10,120 9,922
Percentage of consumption expenditure on food 65 71
Percentage of population below the food poverty line 19 27
Percentage of population below the basic needs poverty line 36 46
  1. * Rural result provided where available; ** Exchange rate, January 2001: TZS/USD = 803 Source: Government of Tanzania, National Bureau of Statistics, Tanzania Household Budget Survey 2000/01