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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of malaria episodes in study children in rural Burkina Faso

From: Community effectiveness of chloroquine and traditional remedies in the treatment of young children with falciparum malaria in rural Burkina Faso

  Group CQ (n = 350) Group TRAD (n = 52) p-value *
Male/female 183/167 30/22 0.47
Median age, range (months) 20 (8 – 35) 19 (9 – 33) 0.36
Median parasite density/μl, D0 Range 26 220
5000 – 1 140 000
16 352
5000 – 86 656
0.001
Median temperature D0 (°C) 38.2 38.2 0.72
Diarrhoea D0 (%) 64/350 (18.3) 16/52 (30.8) 0.04
Vomiting D0 (%) 39/350 (11.1) 3/52 (5.8) 0.24
Ethnicity    <0.0001
Marka 180 16  
Mossi 72 8  
Bwaba 46 23  
Peulh 44 5  
Others 8 0  
  1. * Chi-squared test for categorical variables, ranksum test for continuous variables
  2. Group CQ: received at least one dose of chloroquine
  3. Group TRAD: received only traditional treatment
  4. D0: Day of onset of malaria episode