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Table 2 Annual costs and cost-effectiveness ratios of the programme 1999–2003 (1999 prices)

From: The costs and effects of a nationwide insecticide-treated net programme: the case of Malawi

  1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Average (%)
Brand creation 20,972 21,161 21,279 21,687 21,986 21,417 3%
Capital costs        
   Vehicles 4,056 6,144 8,381 14,595 17,053 10,046 1%
   Equipment & furniture 1,903 3,288 4,208 2,848 3,221 3,094 0%
   ITNs 77,394 202,893 348,829 586,770 931,515 429,480 55%
   Subtotal 83,353 212,325 361,418 604,213 951,789 442,619 57%
Recurrent costs        
   Insecticide 16,753 34,335 38,808 58,076 43,582 38,311 4%
   Staff 81,496 90,572 54,058 64,104 66,974 71,441 10%
   Fuel/maintenance 37,346 67,105 44,115 94,223 96,558 67,869 9%
   Office /warehouse rental 806 6,380 10,204 14,202 14,080 9,134 1%
   Advertising & Promotion 83,960 71,846 48,149 27,603 41,087 54,529 7%
   Supplies/overheads 38,954 42,492 42,905 82,322 145,008 70,336 10%
   Subtotal 259,315 312,731 238,240 340,531 407,288 311,621 40%
   ITNS distributed 72,196 131,881 174,376 372,911 720,577 294,388  
   Retreatments distributed 22,337 46,731 54,103 81,824 82,084 57,416  
   Treated-net-years 47,267 89,306 114,240 227,368 401,331 175,902  
Total cost 363,640 546,217 620,937 966,431 1,381,063 775,657 100%
Cost per net distributed 5.04 4.14 3.56 2.59 1.92 2.63  
Cost per treated-net-year 7.69 6.12 5.44 4.25 3.44 4.41