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Table 7 Preventive measures for MRI with and without convulsions

From: Community concepts of malaria-related illness with and without convulsions in southern Ghana

Preventive measures reported1 How reported2
  Vignette with convulsion (n = 101) Vignette without convulsion (n = 100)
  Total Fraction Spont. Total Fraction Spont.
Insect bites     
Prevent mosquitoes' bite3 58.4 0.27 94.0 0.31**
Regular medications 88.1 0.24 87.0 0.27
Taking herbal or biomedicine regularly 75.4 0.45 73.0 0.44
Deworming regularly 50.4 0.18 49.0 0.16
Sun & strenuous play 33.6 0.21 80.0 0.29**
Stay less in the sun or near fire 31.9 0.22 79.0 0.28**
Reduction in strenuous play 8.0 0.13 35.0 0.20**
Sanitation & hygiene 55.4 0.66 71.0 0.66**
Cleaning the environment 29.7 0.63 49.0 0.74**
Keeping personal hygiene 51.5 0.65 66.0 0.67**
Food and drink 59.4 0.47 86.0 0.38**
Eating balanced diet 33.6 0.59 40.0 0.63
Avoid fatty/oily foods 29.8 0.03 63.0 0.14**
Drinking clean water 18.8 0.37 32.0 0.41**
Eating less starchy food 17.8 0.11 28.0 0.11*
Eating on time (not going hungry for long) 10.9 0.00 16.0 0.13
Drink a lot of vegetable soup 10.9 0.28 18.0 0.28
Magico-religious 47.5 0.19 37.0 0.00**
Avoid offending evil spirits like the witches 23.8 0.25 15.0 0.00*
Attend to ancestral spirits and family gods 40.7 0.20 32.0 0.00
Don't know/cannot tell 22.8 1.00 14.0 1.00
  1. 1 Preventive measures analysed as groups (in bold) based on reported categories that follow.
  2. *p ≤ 0.10 and ** p ≤ 0.05. Wilcoxon test for comparison of prominence of reported categories (2 = spontaneous, 1 = probed response, 0 = not reported).
  3. 2Column values indicate frequency of reported categories and the fraction of these reported spontaneously.