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Table 2 Test results of children sampled, by community (N = 296)

From: Malaria and anaemia among children in two communities of Kumasi, Ghana: a cross-sectional survey

  Manhyia (n = 148) Moshie Zongo (n = 148) p-value1
Female sex, n (%) 74 (50.0%) 84 (56.8%) 0.244
Age in years, median (range) 5 (1, 9) 5 (1, 9) 0.571
Presence of P. falciparum parasitaemia, n (%) 19 (12.8%) 56 (37.8%) < 0.001***
Axillary temp ≥ 37.5°C or reported fever past 48 hours 28 (18.9%) 50 (33.8%) 0.004**
Clinical malaria, n (%) 2 5 (3.4%) 25 (16.9%) < 0.001***
Haemoglobin level in g/dl, mean (standard deviation) 11.3 (1.28) 10.5 (1.25) < 0.001***
   Any anaemia: Hb < 11 g/dl, n (%) 51 (34.5%) 98 (66.2%) < 0.001***
   Moderate to severe anaemia: Hb < 8 g/dl, n (%) 3 (2.0%) 4 (2.7%) 1.000
Malnourished (stunted, wasted, or underweight), n (%) 28/147 (19.0%) 40/147 (27.2%) 0.097
   Stunted (height-for-age Z-score < -2 ref mean), n (%) 11 (7.4%) 31/147 (21.1%) 0.001**
   Underweight (weight-for-height Z-score < -2), n (%) 15 (10.1%) 19/147 (12.9%) 0.453
   Wasted (weight-for-age Z-score < -2), n (%) 8/147 (5.4%) 8/146 (5.5%) 0.989
Low MUAC-for-height (Z-score < -2), n (%)3 7 (4.7%) 9/147 (6.1%) 0.597
Intestinal helminths, n (%)4 4/98 (4.1%) 0/99 (0.0%) 0.059
Reported history of diarrhoea in past 48 hours, n (%) 28 (18.9%) 50/147 (34.0%) 0.003**
Rural travel in past 3 weeks, n (%) 4 (2.7%) 6 (4.1%) 0.520
Reported malaria medication in past 2 weeks, n (%) 31 (20.9%) 46 (31.1%) 0.047*
  1. 1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  2. 2. P. falciparum infection with an axillary temp ≥ 37.5°C or reported fever past 48 hours
  3. 3. MUAC = mid upper arm circumference
  4. 4. Four cases of Dicrocoelium dendriticum