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Table 4 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (with 95% confidence intervals)1 for predictors of P. falciparum infection and Hb < 11 g/dl

From: Malaria and anaemia among children in two communities of Kumasi, Ghana: a cross-sectional survey

  Unadjusted models2 OR (95% CI) Adjusted- final model OR (95% CI)
Model 1: P. falciparum infection
   Rural travel past 3 weeks 12.80 (2.20, 74.46)** 23.45 (3.28, 167.75)**
   Socioeconomic score2 3.22 (1.95, 5.32)*** 3.95 (2.26, 6.90)***
   Child age, in years 1.22 (1.08, 1.38)** 1.28 (1.13, 1.45)***
Model 2: Hb < 11 g/dl
   P. falciparum infection 3.94 (2.17, 7.15)*** 3.92 (2.04, 7.54)***
   Moshie Zongo residence 3.80 (2.29, 6.30)*** 3.76 (2.16, 6.56)***
   Child male 1.83 (1.13, 2.97)* 2.16 (1.28, 3.66)**
   Child age, in years2 0.84 (0.76, 0.93)*** 0.79 (0.71, 0.88)***
  1. 1. Households were included as a random effect for all models, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  2. 2. Child age (from 1 to 9 years) and socioeconomic score (from 3: highest to 0: lowest) are included in models as continuous variable