Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of 839 women with live singleton deliveries

From: Detection and clinical manifestation of placental malaria in southern Ghana

Parameter All Primiparae Parae II & III Multiparae (>III) P
No. (%) 839 (100) 304/832 (36.5) 305/832 (36.7) 223/832 (26.8)  
Age (years; median, range; n = 827) 25 (15–47) 21 (15–36) 25 (18–40)* 33 (22–47)* < 0.0001
Residence in Agogo (%, No.) 48.9 (410) 48.7 (148/304) 54.8 (167/305) 41.3 (92/223) 0.009
Proportion without school degree (%, No.) 15.4 (128/829) 8.6 (26/302) 14.6 (44/302)* 26.0 (57/219)* < 0.0001
Axillary temperature (°C; mean ± SD; n = 826) 36.4 ± 0.5 36.5 ± 0.6 36.4 ± 0.5 36.4 ± 0.5 0.32
Fever (%, No.) 2.8 (23/826) 4.0 (12/300) 1.7 (5/302) 2.7 (6/129) 0.22
Haemoglobin (g/dL; median; range) 11.5 (4.6–16.8) 11.4 (4.6–16.4) 11.6 (5.8–16.8) 11.5 (4.7–15.6) 0.28
Anaemia (haemoglobin <11 g/dL) 35.2 (295) 38.5 (117/304) 32.5 (99/305) 35.0 (78/223) 0.30
No. of previous ANC visits (median, range, n = 821) 4 (0–12) 3 (0–11) 4 (0–12)* 4 (0–10) 0.01
Proportion with ≤3 ANC visits (%, No.) 47.7 (392/821) 52.5 (156/297) 43.1 (129/299)* 47.9 (105/219) 0.07
Caesarean section (%, No.) 22.1 (185) 21.7 (66/304) 19.0 (58/305) 26.5 (59/223) 0.12
Birth weight (g; median, range; n = 838) 2950 (1280–4500) 2785 (1280–4000) 3000 (1600–4250)* 3100 (1500–4500)* <0.0001
Gestational age (weeks; median, range; n = 831) 38.4 (20.0–43.1) 38.4 (20.0–43.1) 39.0 (32.0–43.1)* 39.4 (27.0–42.1)* 0.0001
Low birth weight (LBW) 16.0 (134/837) 26.0 (79/304) 10.9 (33/304)* 9.4 (21/223)* < 0.0001
Preterm delivery 18.8 (156/831) 26.3 (80/304) 16.0 (48/300)* 12.2 (27/221)* < 0.0001
Proportion with chloroquine in plasma (%, No.) 22.4 (182/821) 27.9 (83/298) 19.1 (57/299)* 19.4 (42/217)* 0.02
Proportion with pyrimethamine in plasma (%, No.) 35.0 (287/821) 35.6 (106/298) 33.8 (101/299) 35.9 (78/217) 0.85
  1. *, difference to primiparae, P < 0.05; ANC, antenatal care