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Table 4 Socio-economic factors and the risk of malaria infection in fever cases and controls in Yopougon. Logistic regression model. Health facility-based surveys. N = 812.

From: Rapid Urban Malaria Appraisal (RUMA) III: epidemiology of urban malaria in the municipality of Yopougon (Abidjan)

Socio-economic factors % of total OR 95% CI P value
Education level     
   Primary 29.4% 1 - -
   Secondary 26.7% 0.54 0.35–0.84 <0.01
   Superior 8.7% 0.37 0.18–0.77 <0.01
   Other 35.2% 0.76 0.51–1.12 0.17
Housing material     
   Leaf/mud 7.7% 1 - -
   Concrete/brick 91.7% 0.65 0.35–1.2 0.1
Water supply resource     
   Well 1.4% 1 - -
   Tap water 95.6% 1.67 0.34–11.14 0.74
   Fountain 2.0% 1.07 0.11–11.54 1.00
Living nearby agriculture land or gardens     
   No 20.9% 1 - -
   Yes 75.4% 1.05 0.70–1.59 0.8
Bednet usage (treated and untreated)     
   No 89.9% 1 - -
   Yes 10.1% 0.52 0.29–0.97 <0.05
Rural exposure within 90 days     
   No 68.9% 1 - -
   Yes 31.1% 1.75 1.25–2.45 <0.001
Previous malaria treatment within 30 days with the presence of parasitaemia     
   No 63.3% 1 - -
   Yes 36.7% 1.09 0.79–1.53 0.6
Residence of patients     
   Centre 35.3% 1 - -
   Intermediate 30.2% 1.27 0.86–1.86 0.2
   Periphery 34.5% 1.17 0.80–1.72 0.4
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