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Table 2 Cause-specific mortality rates per 1000 person-years in children under five 1999–2003 in the DSS of Nouna, Burkina Faso

From: Pattern of cause-specific childhood mortality in a malaria endemic area of Burkina Faso

  Rural Area Urban Area
  Neonates (< 1 m) Infants (1–5 m) Infants (6–11 m) All infants Children (1–4 yrs) Under five Neonates (< 1 m) Infants (1–5 m) Infants (6–11 m) All infants Children (1–4 yrs) Under five
Rainy Season
All deaths 28 82 137 247 304 551 6 12 41 59 103 162
All causes 88.33 (58.7–123.3) 57.17 (45.5–70.1) 78.45 (65.9–92.1) 70.62 (62.1–79.7) 25.83 (23.–28.8) 36.09 (33.1–39.2) 63.10 (23.0–117.8) 27.43 (14.2–44.2) 69.85 (50.1–92.5) 52.71 (40.1–66.9) 25.14 (20.5–30.2) 31.05 (26.5–36.0)
Malaria 9.46 (1.9–20.7) 27.19 (19.3–36.2) 48.10 (38.4–58.9) 36.03 (30.3–42.6) 12.91 (10.9–15.0) 18.21 (16.1–20.4) 21.03 (2.4–50.6) 11.43 (3.7–22.2) 37.48 (23.5–54.3) 25.91 (17.3–36.0) 15.62 (12.0–19.6) 17.83 (14.4–21.6)
ARI 3.15 (0.0–8.8) 5.58 (2.4–9.8) 3.44 (1.3–6.4) 4.29 (2.4–6.6) 1.02 (0.5–1.6) 1.77 (1.2–2.5) 10.52 (0.1–29.3) . 1.70 (0.0–4.7) 1.79 (0.2–4.3) 0.24 (0.0–0.7) 0.58 (0.1–1.3)
AGI 3.15 (0.0–8.8) 2.79 (0.7–5.7) 4.58 (2.0–8.0) 3.72 (2.0–5.9) 3.14 (2.2–4.2) 3.27 (2.4–4.2) .   6.82 (1.8–14.0) 3.57 (1.0–7.3) 2.20 (1.0–3.8) 2.49 (1.3–4.0)
Neonatal cause 41.01 (21.8–65.1) . . 5.43 (3.3–8.1) . 0.85 (0.5–1.4) 10.52 (0.1–29.3) . . 0.89 (0.0–2.5)   0.19 (0.0–0.5)
Non natural . . . . 0.59 (0.2–1.1) 0.46 (0.2–0.8) .   . . 0.73 (0.1–1.6) 0.58 (0.1–1.3)
Other causes . 8.37 (4.30 – 13.50) 2.86 (0.90 – 5.60) 4.86 (2.80 – 7.40) 2.55 (1.70 – 3.50) 3.08 (2.30 – 4.00) 10.52 (0.10 – 29.30) 2.29 (0.00 – 6.40) 6.82 (1.80 – 14.00) 5.36 (2.00 – 10.00) 1.71 (0.70 – 3.10) 2.49 (1.30 – 4.00)
Ill-defined 6.31 (0.7–15.2) 2.09 (0.4–4.6) 3.44 (1.3–6.4) 3.15 (1.6–5.2) 0.93 (0.5–1.5) 1.44 (0.9–2.1) . 4.57 (0.5–11.0) 6.82 (1.8–14.0) 5.36 (2.5–11.3) . 1.15 (0.4–2.1)
Missing 25.24 (10.9–44.2) 11.15 (6.4–17.1) 16.03 (10.6–22.4) 14.87 (11.1–19.1) 4.67 (3.5–6.0) 7.01 (5.7–8.4) 10.52 (0.1–29.3) 9.14 (2.5–18.7) 10.22 (3.7–19.1) 9.83 (4.9–16.1) 4.64 (2.8–6.9) 5.75 (3.9–7.9)
Dry Season
All deaths 51 109 103 263 423 686 2 22 36 60 85 145
All causes 128.11 (95.4–165.2) 51.45 (42.2–61.5) 44.25 (36.1–53.2) 54.29 (47.9–61.0) 25.44 (23.1–27.9) 31.95 (29.6–34.4) 16.69 (1.9–40.2) 32.24 (20.2–46.7) 49.21 (34.5–66.3) 39.12 (29.8–49.5) 14.36 (11.5–17.5) 19.45 (16.4–22.7)
Malaria 2.51 (0.0–7.0) 15.10 (10.3–20.7) 20.62 (15.2–26.8) 16.72 (13.3–20.5) 8.96 (7.6–10.5) 10.71 (9.4–12.1) . 14.65 (7.0–24.5) 20.50 (11.5–31.7) 16.30 (10.5–23.1) 6.59 (4.7–8.8) 8.58 (6.6–10.8)
ARI 7.54 (1.5–16.5) 7.55 (4.3–11.5) 2.58 (0.9–4.8) 5.16 (3.3–7.3) 1.74 (1.2–2.4) 2.52 (1.9–3.2) . 4.40 (0.9–9.6) 2.73 (0.3–6.6) 3.26 (1.0–6.3) 1.69 (0.8–2.8) 2.01 (1.1–3.1)
AGI 2.51 (0.0–7.0) 2.83 (1.0–5.3) 4.73 (2.4–7.8) 3.72 (2.2–5.6) 3.79 (2.9–4.8) 3.77 (3.0–4.6) . 1.47 (0.0–4.1) 8.20 (3.0–15.3) 4.56 (1.8–8.2) 1.18 (0.5–2.1) 1.88 (1.0–2.9)
Neonatal cause 47.73 (28.7–70.8) . . 3.92 (2.4–5.8) . 0.89 (0.5–1.3) 8.34 (0.1–23.2)   . 0.65 (0.1–3.1)   0.13 (0.0–0.4)
Non natural 2.51 (0.0–7.0) . 0.86 (0.1–2.1) 0.62 (0.1–1.4) 0.48 (0.2–0.8) 0.51 (0.3–0.8) .   1.37 (0.0–3.8) 0.65 (0.0–1.8) 0.17 (0.0–0.5) 0.27 (0.0–0.6)
Other causes 10.05 (2.70 – 20.60) 9.91 (6.10 – 14.50) 3.01 (1.20 – 5.40) 6.61 (4.50 – 9.00) 3.49 (2.60 – 4.40) 4.19 (3.40 – 5.10) . 2.93 (0.30 – 7.10) 2.73 (0.30 – 6.60) 2.61 (0.70 – 5.30) 1.35 (0.60 – 2.40) 1.61 (0.80 – 2.60)
Ill-defined 10.05 (2.7–20.6) 1.89 (0.5–3.9) 2.15 (0.7–4.2) 2.68 (1.4–4.3) 1.26 (0.8–1.8) 1.58 (1.1–2.2) 8.34 (0.1–23.2) 1.47 (0.0–4.1) 1.37 (0.0–3.8) 1.96 (0.4–4.3) 0.34 (0.0–0.8) 0.67 (0.2–1.3)
Missing 45.22 (26.8–67.7) 14.16 (9.5–19.6) 10.31 (6.6–14.7) 14.87 (11.6–18.5) 5.71 (4.6–6.9) 7.78 (6.6–9.0) 0.00 (0.0-0.0) 7.33 (2.4–14.3) 12.30 (5.6–21.0) 9.13 (5.0–14.3) 3.04 (1.8–4.6) 4.29 (2.9–5.9)
  1. ARI = acute respiratory infections
  2. AGI = acute gastrointestinal infections
  3. m = months